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BY H^, W, j; HAM, 



S II I'i 


INDEX. a^ 


Adams, A. P. (with portrait) " . 122 

Atliinson, W. G. (with portrait) 190 

Anderson, Clifford (with portrait) 34 

Atwood, W. H 81 

Alexander, E. P 181 

Brown, Joseph E. (with portrait) 18 

Brown, George R 174 

Bleckley, Logan E 12 

Boynton, James S 67 

Brantley, W. G 104 

Blount, James H 65 

Barnes, George T 23 

Barnett, N. C 25 

Belt, T. C 91 

Calvin, M. V. (with portrait) 218 

Cabaniss, H. H. (with portrait) 128 

Caulder, A. D. (with portrait) 84 

Carlton, H. H. (with portrait) 140 

Chappell, T. J. . . , 125 

Colquitt, A. H : 74 

Clay, A. S. (with portrait) 62 

Coggins, J. N 165 

Clements, J. C 93 

Crisp, C. F 109 

Cook, Philip 193 

Davidson, John S. (with portrait) 88 

Dean, Linton A 230 

Faver, Paul (with portrait) 208 

Fort, Allen (with j^ortrait) 101 

Foute, A. M. (with portrait) 178 

Franklin, P. J. (with portrait) 202 

Fain, Joel C 222 

Gamble, R. L. (with portrait) 158 

Gibson, T. G 148 

Glenn, W. C 58 

Gordon, John B. (with portrait) 8 



Gordon, W. W. (with portrait) ' .' 226 

Grimes, Tliomas W. (with portrait) 154 

Harrison, W. H 198 

Hardeman, R. M. (with jwrtrait) 48 

Harris, W. A. (with portrait) 106 

Ham, H. W. J. (with portrait) 170 

Hawkins, S. W 117 

Hand, J. L 60 

Hardin, M. A. (with portrait) 76 

Hill, H. W. (with portrait) 186 

Hutchins, N. L 163 

Huff, W. A 45 

Howell, E. P 51 

Haralson, Frank L 57 

Jenkins, W. F 136 

James, Joseph S 232 

Kell, John M 41 

Kibbee, C. C 43 

Lamar, J. R 211 

Little, W. A. (with portrait) 54 

Lumsden, J. R 119 

Mattox, John W 132 

Mauney, M. L 131 

McCord, C. Z. (with portrait) 96 

Miller, A. L 183 

Norwood, Thomas M 196 

Peek, W. L 138 

Powell, R. J. (with portrait) 214 

Russell, P. M. (with portrait) 70 

Russell, R. B. (with portrait) 144 

Smith, D. N 134 

Stewart, John D 31 

Tate, F. C. (with portrait) 150 

Terrell, J. M. (with portrait) 112 

Thomas, W. W 167 

Turner, H. G 116 

Way, A. S 79 

Wellborn, C. J 206 

Wofford, A. P. 161 

Wright, W. A. (with portrait) 28 



N presenting this collection of brief biographies of Rep- 
resentative Georgians, the author is well aware that it 
is bj^ no means complete, but it is hoped and believed 
that so far as it goes it is accurate and reliable. The purpose 
has been, not to deal in mere fulsome eulogy, but to give in 
succinct form the events in the lives of those of whom it treats 
of interest to the public. There are many men in Georgia who 
are but just entering upon careers destined to be long and use- 
ful. It is interesting to know from whence they came, and how 
they have risen. There are others who have behind them 
honorable records, which should be embalmed and preserved. 
It is the purpose of the book to tell the story of the one and 
put to record the other. If it proves to be a handy book of ref- 
erence for the historian of the future, the highest ambition of 
the author will have been realized. 

This volume, dealing, as it does, only with men now in public 
life, is intended as the first of a series to follow at regular inter- 
vals upon the same line. It is hoped that with added experi- 
ence and facilities they may improve with each succeeding 

The preparation of the work has been attended with some 
difficulty. The compilation of the bare facts has involved 
much labor of a delicate character. It is but due to myself 



and the subjects treated to say that there is not in the book a 
sketch in the nature of autobiography. To obtain all the nec- 
essary data without offense to the modesty of gentlemen has 
involved much labor, and for much of it I am indebted to 
friends who have kindly aided me, and to whom I desire to 
return my heartfelt thanks. 

The preparation of the sketches, however, has been in the 
main fascinating employment, and in many instances truly a 
labor of love. Most, if not all, the men have honored me with 
their personal friendship, aud to write of them as I have seen 
and known them in a personal intercourse, that has been as 
delightful as it has been profitable, has afforded me sincerest 

Bespeaking for this unpretentious volume a charitable criti- 
cism, and assuring the public that if it anywhere lack interest 
it is in the treatment, and not the subject, I submit it to such 
readers as may honor me by its perusal, to stand or fall upon 
its own merits. 

H. W. J. HAM. 







Even the casual reader will understand that in the limits of 
this work it is impossible to give anything which might be dig- 
nified with the appellation of a history of the gentleman who at 
present occupies the Gubernatorial chair. A complete history 
of the man, his deeds of valor in war, and his achievements in 
the forums of peace, would in themselves fill a volume larger 
and more pretentious than this. Already he occupies a large 
space in books, and the end is not yet. When the historian of 
the distant future, the historian who shall write unblinded by 
passion, who after the lapse of years sufficient to enable him to 
write uninfluenced by the section from which he comes, and 
the environments that even until now warp and bias the judg- 
ment, shall come to calmly weigh and put to record the history 
of the late war, the causes that led to it, the conduct of the 
struggle, and the results which followed it, tin? subject of this 
sketch will have a place among the knightliest of the knightly 
men who drew sword in defense of a cause they believed just, 
and foUowtMl its banner with a chivalric devotion that the 
world has never seen surpassed until it went down in defeat 
that was without dishonor. But it must b(^ left to the historian 
of the future to tell this story. There art^ signs that the day is 
coming when it can be done, but through the eftbrts of men 
who finight not when the fight was on, and donned war paint 
only when war was no more, it has not come yet. 

John B. Gordon was born F('l)ruary <)th, 1<S;V2, in Upson 
county, Georgia, and was educated at the (Georgia State Uni- 


versity. He enlisted in the Confederate army in April, 1861, 
as Captain, was elected Major of the 6th Alabama Regiment 
May, 1861, Lieutenant Colonel December, 1861, and Colonel 
May, 1862, and was sul)seqnently promoted to Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Major General, and at the close of the war was a Lieuten- 
ant General, and the right arm of Robert E. Lee. 

It is impossible to give even a bare list of the ensanguined 
fields on which he led the gallant men who loved and followed 
him into the thickest of the fray. He never said "Go!" he 
always said "Come!" and they would have followed him anj^- 
where. At Manassas, Seven Pines, all the battles around Rich- 
mond, including Malvern Hill, Sharpsburg, Md., South Moun- 
tain, Fredericksburg, Marye's Heights, Wrightsville, Gettys- 
burg the bloody, the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Court House, 
Monocacy, Md., Winchester, Fisher's Hill, Cedar Creek, Hatch- 
er's Run, Petersburg, Hare's Hill, Petersburg again, and finally 
Appomattox, he bore aloft the flag of his country. Ah, what a 
host of memories the mere recalling the names brings up. To 
write their history, or that of a man who was a mighty figure 
in them all, would be to write the history of the most gigantic 
and bloody struggle of modern history. 

General Gordon bears on his person the marks of many 
wounds received in battle. At Sharpsburg he received five 
wounds in one day, and it was only the fifth and last, in the 
face, that carried him off the field. Had our artist turned the 
other side of his face to the light it would be perceived in his 
portrait. Shot twice through the leg, he refused to go to the 
rear ; his left arm mangled by a ball, he yet led his men ; his 
shoulder pierced by a fourth, he sent an adjutant along the line 
to reassure his men, and to tell them he yet led them, when the 
fifth laid him senseless on the earth, literally bathed in his own 
blood. Haiiging for months between life and death, he was 
barely convalescent when he was again with his command, to 
be again wounded at Sheperdstown, and still again at Hare's 
Hill. At Appomattox he it was who led the last forlorn hope 
of the Confederac}^ against the legions of Grant. 


In 1868 General Gordon was the Democratic nominee for 
Governor against Kufus B. Bullock, and was defeated. Many 
of the best men in the State were disfranchised, and many oth- 
ers, dispii'ited and broken, staid away from the polls and ram- 
pant Repnblicanism had things its own way. In 1873 he was 
elected to the United States Senate, and was re-elected in 1879, 
but resigned his seat in tliat body the next year. From then 
until 1880 he held no public office, devoting himself to private 
business affairs, but last year he was nominated by the Demo- 
cratic Convention and elected Governor. 

Governor Gordon was married September 18th, 1854, to Miss 
Fanny Haralson, a daughter of Hon. Hugh HaraLvSon, of 
LaGrange, Georgia. There has never been a happier marriage. 
She is in all respects a most remarkable woman. Gifted with 
rare beauty, and accomplished in the highest degree, she^'has 
been always the cherished companion of her distinguished hus- 
band. Whether ministering b}^ his bedside when the deadly mis- 
sile had laid him low, sharing the hardships of camp life to be 
near him, or shining resplendent in the brilliant circles into 
which his high official positions have called her, she has been . 
ever and always the true and devoted wife, the guiding star of 
his efforts, and his solace, comfort and purest inspiration. 




The central figure on the Supreme Bench of Georgia, when 
that honorable body is in session, is so marked and distinctive 
that it would attract attention anywhere. Perhaps there is no 
man in Georgia, certainly not at the bar, who is better known 
throughout the State ; neither is there one who stands higher 
in the regard and confidence of the people. He looks sage and 
patriarchal, but is withal full of fine, rich humor, a jurist well 
stored with legal lore, a subtle logician, but as modest and un- 
ostentatious a man as you would meet between the poles. To 
this and his profession, which leads not to such brilliant i:)aths 
as the sword and pen, is due the circumstance that his fame is 
not greater beyond the limits of his native State. 

Logan E. Bleckley was born in Rabun county, Georgia, in 
1827. At the early age of eleven years he commenced to write 
and evinced a literary trend of mind. With intervals of teach- 
ing country schools and clerking in a country store he grew to 
young manhood. In 1S4S, when just twenty-one years old, oc- 
curred an incident that marks the i)eculiar character of the 
man. The Western and Atlantic Railroad was tlien operated 
by the State, and somehow learning that the bookkeeper of the 
road had died, young Bleckley wrote a letter to the Governor 
at Milledgeville saying that on a certain day he would be there 
to secure the position. The very audacity of the young man 
interested the august official, and so when on the day named he 

*For the main facts of this sketch the author is indebted to an admirable arti- 
cle recently inciiartd by Mr. C. A. Niles, the Atlanta journalist, for the Ameri- 
can Press Association. 


presented himself before that functionary and informed him 
that he had come "to take the i)lace" the Governor looked him 
over, and informed him that he could have it. 

This may be merely a legend, but after coming to Atlanta 
Judge Bleckley wtus appointed Secretarj' and bookkeeper of 
the Western and Atlantic Railroad, a responsible position, 
which he filled acceptably for three years, when Gov. Towns 
appointed him one of the Secretaries of the Executive Depart- 
ment. At the close of the year, Gov. Towns' term expiring, 
Bleckley thought he was threatened with consumption and 
went back to his mountain home to die, but when spring came 
he had gained fortj^ pounds. He then removed to Atlanta to 
practice law. The year following he was elected Solicitor Gen- 
eral of the Coweta circuit, then a very large one. In 1857 he 
married Miss Haralson, of La Grange, a daughter of Gen. 
Hugh Haralson. Another daughter married Gen. John B. 
Gordon, now Governor of Georgia, who was at one time as- 
sociated with Bleckley in the law practice. 

Judge Bleckley's military career was brief and uneventful. 
He was opposed to secession as an original measure, but acqui- 
esced when South Carolina seceded. In 1861 he entered camp 
as Adjutant and inspector of a brigade, but soon after went 
with a cavalry company to Virginia. At the end of the year 
his health failed so that he was discharged. In '(55 and '66 he 
was one of the State Commission to draft a code foi" the govern- 
ment of the freedmen. This was a fruitless and rather erratic 

In 1875 Judge Bleckley was appointed an Associate Justice 
of the Supreme Court by Gov. SivirrH. His decisions Avhile on 
the bench were remarkably sound in law, original, uni<|ue, often 
quaint and humorous. Tliey run through the reports of that 
period rich, warm and sparkling. But being pre-eminently an 
honest man he always dreaded to go on record with a decision 
not thoroughly studied, and the conscfiuent dose aj)pli('ation 
brought on mental and physical exhaustion, and at the close of 


the September term, 1879, lie resigned his position on the Su- 
preme Bench. He made this the occasion to do what no otlier 
Judge, so far as the knowledge of the writer extends, has ever 
done, viz.: to place on record in the published volumes of decis- 
ions of a court of last resort an ex(|uisite poem. In tendering 
his resignation he read from the bench the following lines, 
which were ordered by his colleagues, the late Chief Justice 
Warner, and Associate, afterwards ( -hief Justice Jackson, also 
now deceased, to be spread on the minutes of the court : 


" Rest for hand and broM' and breast, 

For Angers, heart and brain ! 
Rest and peace ! a long release 

From labor and from pain ; 
Pain of doubt, fatigue, despair- 
Pain of darkness everywhere. 

And seeking light in vain. 

" Peace and Rest! Arc they the best 
For mortals here below ? 
Is soft repose from work and woes 
^ A bliss for men to know ? 
Bliss of time is bliss of toil ; 
No bliss but this, from sun and soil. 
Does God pei'mit to grow." 

Alarmed about his health, he ''took to the woods" iigain, as 
he expressed it. He built a cabin on Screamer mountain, at an 
altitude of 3,000 feet, in sight of his old home, and there lived 
and I'oughed it — a hermit — until he regained his health. A few 
months ago, on the death of Chief Justice Jackson, he was ap- 
pointed to the vacancy until the summer session of the General 
Assembly. Whether he will be a candidate for the place be- 
fore the General Assembly remains to be seen. It goes without 
saying that if he will say he will accept it will come to him 
without the asking. 

No man is more averse to notoriety than Judge Bleckley, 
and it is not assumed, but real. To a modest request for some 
data coniu'cted with his life for this volume, he replied: "I 



liave just read with consternation your favor threatening to put 
me in a book. Can you not spare me? I beg j^ou to forl)ear. 
* * Jjeave me out and let me grow. l*erliaps, if spared, I 
may become great enougli to become tlie subject of biograpliy, 
but I am not j'et — I know I am not.'' And no a})peal could 
move him. But for the good fortune, elsewhere acknowledged, 
the writer could not have i)repared even this incomplete and 
unsatisfactory sketch . 

C (yO^^UTinyK. 




In the limits of this article it is barely possible to do more 
than liriefly capitulate the leading incidents in the career of 
Senator Brown. He has filled so large a space in the public 
eye, has been so prominent a figure in politics, has achieved 
such an eminence at the bar, on the bench, and at the head of 
great industrial enterprises, that to write a history of Joseph 
E. Brown for the last thirty years is to write the history of 
Georgia for the same length of time. Consequentlj^, it must 
suffice for the purposes of this article to give in briefest space a 
mere synopsis of his career. 

Joseph E. Brown was born in Pickens District, South Caro- 
lina, April loth, 1821, and removed with his father to Georgia 
when yet a boy. Subsequently was educated at Calhoun Acad- 
emy, in the State of his birth, and commenced to make his way 
in the world as a schoolmaster at Canton, Cherokee county, 
Georgia. While thus engaged he devoted his spare moments 
to the study of the law, and was admitted to the bar in August, 
1845. Not satisfied with his legal equipment, however, he at 
once entered Yale Law School, where he graduated, and re- 
turning home, commenced the practice of his profession in 

The first political office ever held by Mr. Brown was that of 
State Senator, to which he was elected in 1849. In 1852 his 
party placed him on the Pierce electoral ticket. In 1855 he 
was elected Judge of the Superior Court of the Blue Ridge cir- 
cuit, which position he held until he was nominated for Gov- 


ernor in 1857 as a Democrat, and defeated Benjamin H. Hill, 
Whig, by a handsome majority. In 1859, being again the 
nominee of his party against Hon. Warren Aiken, he was re- 
elected, and was in the Gubernatorial chair when, in 1860, the 
war cloud began to lower. As a pronounced secessionist and 
States' rights champion, he defeated Hon. Eugenius A. Nisbet 
for Governor, and entered upon his third term in 1861. In 
1863 he defeated Hon. Joshua Hill and Hon. Timothy Fur- 
low, and by a large majority over both was called a fourth 
time to the office of Governor. 

It was during this term that there occurred between Gov. 
Brown and Hon. Jefferson Davis, President of the Confeder- 
ate States, the famous dispute over the Conscript act, the cor- 
respondence upon which has become history. Gov. Brown pro- 
tested against the constitutionality of the law which gave the 
general government authority to declare who were subject to 
military duty, and impress them into the Confederate service, 
and contended that troops should be raised by the State au- 
thorities and by them turned over to the general government. 
Though pronounced in his convictions upon the subject, and 
sustaining them by most convincing arguments, Gov. Brown 
threw no obstacles in the way of the enforcement of the law, 
preferring to yield rather than jeopard the cause of the Con- 

J.fter the war the course of Gov. Brown provoked the first 
unpopularity he had ever experienced. Realizing and accept- 
ing the results of the conflict as settled and fixed, he advocated 
reconstruction as the shortest way to peace and complete 
restoration to the Union. This called down upon him much 
indignation from many who did not read the future as correctly 
as he, and finding no sympathy for his views in the Democratic 
party, he voted for the Grant electoral ticket. In 1868 he was 
nominated for United States Senator by the Republicans, and 
defeated l)y Hon. Joshua Hill, and was thereupon appointed 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by Gov. Bullock. Of his 


service ou tl\e Appellate Court Bench the reports of that day 
bear most conclusive testimony to liis high legal attainments 
and fearless discharge of duty. 

In 1870 Judge Brown resigned his place on the Supreme 
Bench to accept the Presidency of the Western and Atlantic 
Railroad, which position he still holds, and retired from active 
participation in politics, but was a close observer of current 
affairs, and being unable to agree with or endorse the Republi- 
can policy, in 1872 he acted with the Democrats, who by this 
time had come to see that the results of the war were fixed 
principles, and from that time to now has given his best ener- 
gies to the success of that party. 

In 1880, when Hon. Joiix B. Gordon resigned his seat in the 
United States Senate, Gov. A. H. Colc^uitt appointed him to 
fill the vacanc}^ until the meeting of the Legislature. In the 
interim the Legislature was to be elected, as well as the Gov- 
ernor, and Gov. Colquitt's opponents made the appointment of 
Senator Brown their ralljdng Qvy, and with Hon. Thomas M. 
Norwood as their standard-bearer essayed his defeat and the 
election of a Legislature inimical to Senator Brown. That 
contest is yet fresh in the public mind. It would have been a 
sulyect for wonder had not Senator Brown thrown himself into 
it with all the ardor of his nature. Not only was his own elec- 
tion, by the Legislature to be chosen, at stake, but the eff"ort 
was being made to sacrifice his friend because he was his friend. 
Few political contests have ever been waged in the State in 
which there was as fierce fighting and as universal interest. 
The result is well known. Gov. Colquitt was re-elected by a 
phenomenal majority, the people at the polls thus endorsing his 
appointment of Senator Brown, and the Legislature which as- 
sembled the following November ratified and carried out their 
verdict by electing Senator Brown by over a two-thirds ma- 
jority over Gen. A. R. Lawton, one of the most polislied, 
scholarly and popular men in Georgia. 

In 1884, upon the expiration of his fii-st term, Senator Brown 


was re-elected by a practically unanimous vote of the General 
Assembly, only one vote being cast against him for Gen. Rob- 
ert Toombs by some enthusiastic admirer of that gentleman. 
Senator Brown still holds the position. His term will expire 
March 3, 1891. 

It is a noticeable fact that Senator Brown was never defeated 
for any office when a candidate before the people. The story 
of his many successes, and only one defeat, reads almost like a 
romance. Of his services in the Senate we have not space to 
speak. They are part of the current history of the day. What 
his future will be, his health and length of days alone will de- 




No man in the Georgia delegation — conceded to be one of 
the ablest in Congress from the Sonth — stands higher than 
Hon. George T, Barnes. He represents a district the territory 
comprising which has sent many famons men to the Congress- 
ional halls, and Mr. Barnes bids fair to add even new histre to 
the record of the tenth, formerly the old eighth district, repre- 
sented for years by Alexander H. Stephens. He has only 
served one term, and yet in this brief time has succeeded in 
forging to the front as one of the most able, conservative and 
pains-taking representatives from the South. He has devoted 
himself rather to arduous work than indiscriminate talk, and 
has succeeded in securing a public building for Augusta and 
manj' other practical benefits for the people he represents. 

George T. Barnes was born in Richmond countj^, his present 
residence, August 14, 1833. He received the elements of an 
education at the old Richmond Count}' Academj', and after 
proper preparation entered f'ranklin College, University of 
Georgia, at Athens, where he graduated in 1853. Choosing the 
law as a profession, after leaving college he entered upon the 
study, and in a short time was admitted to the bar. He has 
since devoted himself to the practice, in which he has been 
verj' successful. In 18(50, at the age of twent3'-seveu, Mr. 
Barnes first entered politics, and was elected a member of the 
lower house of the General Assembly, and remained, being 
continuously re-elected until 1865. 


Devoting himself after the war to his profession, Mr. Baknes 
held no political office, nor sought it, for a number of years, but 
was nevertheless a close observer and active participant in 
State political affairs. In 1876 he was selected as the member 
for Georgia on the National Democratic Executive Committee, 
and held that position until 1884, rendering valuable service to 
his party, and contributing in no small measure to the National 
Democratic victory. 

Mr. Barnes was nominated and elected to the Forty-ninth, 
and has been re-elected to the Fiftieth Congress. Personally 
he is a social, genial companion, and a fair t}^e of the whole- 
souled, big-brained, generous Southern gentleman, who well 
deserves the honors which he wears with a modesty and dignity 
that are not among the least charming characteristics of the 






Hon, Nathan Crawford Barnett, who at present, as he has 
for a number of years past, fills the office of Secretary of State, 
was born in Columbia county, Georgia. His father, William 
Barnett, and his mother, Anna Crawford, a sister of Hon. 
William H. Crawford, were both native Virginians — the 
former of English and the latter of Scotch descent. 

At an early age Mr. Barnett lost his father, and his mother 
removing to Oglethorpe he was reared and educated in that 
county. He also lived for some years in Walton count5^ Upon 
his marriage to Miss Margaret J. Morton, of Clarke county, 
he removed to Watkinsville, then the county site, and engaged 
in planting and merchandizing. His fellow-citizens chose him 
Major of Militia and subsequently Colonel. 

In 1836 Col. Barnett was first elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives. Of the measures which he championed the build- 
ing of the Western and Atlantic Railroad was perhaps the 
most notable. At the end of two sessions he retired at a time 
when he could have been a State Senator for the asking. 

In 1840 he lost his first wife, and. the following year married 
Miss Mary Ann Cooper, of Harris county. In 1843 he was 
first elected Secretary of State, and was re-elected in 1845 and 
1847. He was superseded in 1849, but again elected in 18.51. 
He was superseded in 1853. In 18(51, the offices of Surveyor 
General and Secretary of State being consolidated, he was 
again elected to the office, and served through the administra- 
tion of Gov. Joseph E. Brown, also one term after the war 


with Gov. Charles J. Jenkins, and when Congress established 
a territorial government over the State went out with Gov. 
Jenkins, carrying the great seal of the State, and retaining it 
in his possession until the adoption of the constitution of 1<S68. 
In 1873 he was again elected Secretary of State by the Legisla- 
ture, the first after the Democracy came into power, and has 
held the office continuously since, being elected by the Legisla- 
ture until the adoption of the constitution of 1877, and since 
then by the people. 

Few men have served their State so long, and none more 
faithfully. There is neither spot nor blemish upon his charac- 
ter as a Christian gentleman, or a public officer, and he is in 
every way worthy to have a place in the record of the names 
of distinguished, honored, and representative Georgians. No 
man who knows him but would yield assent to the declaration 
that he is ''an honest man, the noblest work of God." 








The office of the Comptroller G-eneral is one of the most im- 
portant in the State. He is to all intents and purposes the 
business manager of the vast and complicated machinery for 
the raising and disbursement of the large revenue of the Com- 
monwealth, and upon his efficuency and capal)ility depend in 
large measure the interest and well-being of tlie citizen in so far 
as the payment of taxes and their proper application to the di- 
verse and varied purposes of government are concerned. That 
any man should have performed the services incident to this 
trying and important position for a number of years with the 
full approval of the peo})le is a compliment to his integrity, 
faithfulness and qualifications that any man might be proud to 
possess. This important office is at present filled by Hon. W. 
A. Wright, the subject of this sketch, and so his antecedents 
and personal record become a subject of pul)lic interest. 

William Ambrose Wright, the eldest son of Gen. A. K. 
Wright, was born in Louisville, Jefferson county, January 19, 
184:4. He received a common school education in the academy 
of that town. At the outbreak of the civil war, in 1860, he 
enlisted in Company C (Dawson Clrays) Third Georgia Kegi- 
ment as a private, was appointed on the staff of his father Au- 
gust, 1862, was wounded at the second battle of Manassas in 
the right heel and his leg was amj)utated, necH'ssitatiug his re- 
turn home, whore he remained uutil April, 1863, wlien he re- 
joined his command ; was captured June 18, 1863, on the march 
to Gettysburg by New York cavalry, and was imprisioned at 


Johnson's Island until May, 1864, when he was exchanged and 
returned to the army. He was at the siege of Petersburg, but 
was transferred to duty at Augusta, Ga., December, 1864, and 
put in charge of the ordnance supplies at that point for the 
equipment of Johnson's army, where he remained until the 
close of hostilities. 

At the close of the war, without means to complete his edu- 
cation, he entered upon manual labor, so far as able, to aid in 
support of his father's family, who, being debarred from the 
practice of his profession, and his property swept away, was 
driven to dire necessities. The subject of our sketch hauled 
the products of the little farm to market which the father had 
made and gathered When the political disabilities of his 
father were removed he entered at once upon a large and lucra- 
tive practice, and the son was enabled to enter upon a life 

Mr. Wright was appointed Comptroller General by Gov. 
Colquitt, September 17, 1879, to fill the unexpired term of W. 
L. GoLSMiTH, and has, under the new constitution of the State, 
been three times nominated and elected by the people, without 
opposition, a compliment enjoyed by few officers who have ever 
served the State. 




John D. Stewart was born in Fayette county, Georgia, Au- 
gust 2, 183;^, and is the son of George and Elizabeth Stew- 
art, natives of North Carolina. 

Mr. Stewart received only a common school education, ex- 
cept one year spent at Marshall College, Griffin, Georgia. He 
has always been a close student and wide reader, and in this 
way most of the general knowledge which has so well fitted 
him for life's duties was acquired. 

Mr. Stewart has been for many j'ears a resident of Griffin, 
twice Mayor of that city, twice represented Spalding county in 
the General Assembly, being chairman of the Judiciary Com- 
mittee one term, and was for eight years Judge of the Court of 
Ordinary of Spalding county. Mr. Stewart is a lawyer by 
profession, and has been eminent at the bar of the State. He 
was for five years Judge of the Flint circuit, resigning that 
position to become a candidate for Congressional honors. 

In religion, as were his father and mother before him. Judge 
Stewart is a Baptist, and has been for a number of years a 
preacher of the gospel. He stands high in the denominational 
counsels, having been for five years past chairman of the Home 
Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention, four years 
a trustee of Mercer Universit3% and is also a member of the 
Board of Trustees of the Southern Baptist Theological Semi- 
nary, located at Louisville, Ky. He has always been a strong 
friend of education, and served on tlic board of the Sam Bailey 


Male Institute, at Griffin, and also of Monroe Female College. 
In 1886 Judge Stewart received the Democratic nomination 
for Congress from the Fifth District, and was elected to the 
fiftieth Congress. His term will expire March 3, 1889. 








Clifford Anderson, Attorney General of Georgia, was born 
in Nottoway county, Virginia, March 23, 1833. By the death 
of his motlier in 1837, and of his father in 1845, he was left an 
orphan at the early age of twelve, with only such rudiments of 
an education as he had been able to acquire up to that time in 
the common country schools. His father was a prominent citi- 
zen of Virginia, and had been wealthy up to within a few years 
of his death, when his estate was almost entirelj^ swept away 
to pay secui-ity debts for which he had generously become re- 

Shortl}^ after the death of his father young Anderson re- 
moved to Macon, Ga., and entered the office of his eldest 
brother, William Henry Anderson, and his brother-iu-law, 
Robert S. Lanier (they being partners), where, without the aid 
of a teacher, he prosecuted the study of classical literature, 
chemistry, mental and moral philosophy, history, logic, rhetoric 
and political economy. Having mastered these, after the death 
of his brother, in January, 1850, he commenced tlie study of 
law under Mr. Lanier, assisting the latter also in liis business 
as agent of the Southern Mutual Insurance Company, and 
prosecuting the study for two years, was admitted to the bar in 
1852, M'hen not quite nineteen years old. He immediately 
formed a partnersliip with Mr. Lanier, which — except duriug 
the war, when both were in the service of the Confederacy — 
has continued to the jiresent time. 


In 1856 Mr. Anderson was elected Judge of the City Court 
of Macon for the term of four years, but resigned after serving 
in that office less than two years. He was married in January, 
1857, to Miss Anna LeConte, of Macon, Georgia (a niece of 
Prof Joseph LeConte, now of the University of California, 
and also of Hon. Eugenius A. Nisbet, formerly one of the Jus- 
tices of the Supreme Court of Georgia.) He and his family — 
now consisting, besides his wife, of nine children — have con- 
tinued to reside at Macon from the time of his mariiage to the 
present time — that city having been the place of his residence 
prior to his marriage. In December, 1857, he was, after a 
spirited contest, elected a member of the City Council of Ma- 
con, and was re-elected December, 1858, for a second term. In 
October, 1859, after an exciting campaign, he was elected a 
member of the Lower House of the General Assembly, and 
served during the sessions of 1859-60. He took a leading and 
conspicuous part in the debates, particularly in opposition to the 
' bill to abolish the Supreme Court, and in favor of those grant- 
ing State aid to the Macon and Brunswick Kaih'oad, and calling 
a convention of the people to consider the question of secession. 
At first opposed to secession. Judge Anderson reluctantly 
yielded his convictions when South Carolina went out of the 
Union and he saw no way of averting a conflict between the 
sections, and realizing the necessity of putting Georgia in line 
with her sisters, came home during the session of 1860, and ad- 
dressed a large meeting of the citizens of Macon in advocacy 
of that policy. 

At the opening of the war Judge Anderson volunteered as a 
private in the celebrated "Floyd Kifles," of which gallant and 
knightly Tom Hardeman was the Captain, and this and three 
otlier companies constituted the first body of troops sent by 
Georgia to the battlefields of Virginia. They were subsequently 
oi-ganized into the Second Georgia Battalion. 

From April 20, 1861 , to September of that ja^ar Judge Ander- 
son remained in the ranks as a private, when, a vacancy occur- 


ring by the resignation of Lieut. Turpin, he was elected to fill 
it, and served in this capacity about a jear. The Second 
Georgia Battalion having become a part of the brigade of Gen. 
A. li. AVright, he was tendered and accepted the office of 
Brigade Inspector on his staff. He remained on Gen. Wright's 
staff through the Gettj^sburg campaign and until the winter of 
1863, when, active operations in the field having temporarily 
ceased, he resigned his position in the army to accept a seat in 
the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress, to 
which he had been elected by the people in October of that 

After the close of the Gettysburg campaign his promotion 
for gallant service was recommended by Gen. R. H. Anderson, 
the division commander, and also by Gen. R. E. Lee. On the 
recommendation thus made, without his knowledge, a commis- 
sion was issued and tendered him as Captain in the Adjutant 
General's department, and he was assigned to duty with that 
rank on Gen. Wright's staff, but l^^ving been elected to Con- 
gress, as above stated, before the receipt of the commission, he 
declined to accept it. 

In the Confederate Congress Judge Anderson became a 
notable figure, and took a conspicuous part in the debates of 
that bod}' upon the important questions which came before it 
in those troublous daj's, always giving his earnest support to 
the administration in its efforts to prosecute the war to success- 
ful conclusion and achieve the independence of the Confederate 

At the close of the war Judge Anderson came home, and, 
against the advice of friends, who persuaded him to fly tlie 
country, remained passively awaiting whatever was in store for 
him, preferring to share the privations of his familj^, his prop- 
erty having been swept away, to escaping possible arrest and 
prosecution. For over a j'ear he could not resume the practice 
of his profession, there being none except military courts, and 
the doors of these being barred against him, but on therestora- 


tion of civil government he and his partner, Mr. Lanier, opened 
their office and took up the tangled skein of life's duties where 
they had each laid it down years before, and started anew to 
rebuild their shattered fortunes. They soon regained their 
large practice, and have continued from that day to this one 
of the most prominent, popular, and successful legal firms in 
the State. 

For many years after the war Judge Anderson persistently 
declined to re-enter political life, though more than once offered 
the unanimous nomination of his party (equivalent to an elec- 
tion) as member of Congress from his district. Soon after the 
removal of Mercer University to Macon, at the earnest solici- 
tation of the trustees and faculty he accepted a professorship 
in the law department of that institution, and on the death of 
Hon. C. B. Cole became chairman of the law faculty. This 
position he still holds. He has rendered valuable service to 
the university, and has been instrumental in training and edu- 
cating for the bar many o£ the brightest and most promising 
young men now connected with the legal profession in the 
State. In 1884 the university conferred on Judge Anderson 
the degree of LL. D. 

Without having sought it, or any agency or solicitation on 
his part, the State Democratic Convention tendered Judge 
Anderson the nomination for Attorney General in August, 
1880. He accepted it, and was elected for a term of two years. 
He was re-nominated and re-elected in 1882, again in 1884, and 
again in 1886. He is now serving his fourth term. His service 
in this position has been phenomenally strong and successful. 
He has brought to it the ripe experience of manj^ years' suc- 
cessful practice at the bar, careful painstaking, laborious and 
methodical study of every question that has come before him, 
and the opinions he has delivered deserve to stand side by side 
with tliose of the ablest deliverances of anj^ law officer in the 
land. In the courts of the State, and of the United States, he 
has met as able lawyers as the Union can produce, and the 


interests of the State have never suflFered in his hands. In the 
Supreme Court of the Ihiited States, conceded to be the ablest 
tribunal of last resort in the civilized world, Judge Anderson 
has argued many important cases in a manner that has fi^e- 
quently evoked expressions of approval from different members 
of that able court. 

Such is a brief history, without eulogy or comment, of a man 
whom Georgia honors herself in honoring. 




Of course the reader of tliese brief biographical sketches of 
the men now in public life in Georgia, has long ere this discov- 
ered that this book does not aspire to give detailed histories of 
the lives of the men treated of in its pages. The most that is 
attempted is to give in briefest form the data of the more 
salient points without any attempt at elaboration, or pretense 
of being full and complete. To write a history of the gentle- 
man whose name stands at the head of this article would in 
itself go beyond the limits of the entire book. 

Captain John McIntosh Kell, the present Adjutant General 
of the State of Georgia, was born near Darien, Ga., in 1823. He 
was educated at Annapolis, the United States Naval Academy, 
and entered the navy in 1841. He served continuously in the 
Navy of the United States until the outbreak of the Civil War, 
at which time he was at the Pensacola Naval Yard. When 
his native State seceded from the Union he resigned his com- 
mission, tendered his services to the Confederate govern- 
ment, and was placed in command of a small steamer for 
coast defence. In May, 1861, Admiral Semmes, who knew and 
loved Captain Kell, and who was at that time engaged in 
htting out the Sumter, applied for him as his Executive officer, 
and he was transferred to that service. He subsequently went 
with Admiral Semmes to the ill-fated Alabama, and his gaUant 
service on these two vessels have been for years part of the 
history of the most gigantic struggle of modern times, and a 


detailed account of which woukl far transcend the limits of 
this article. 

After the Alabama was sunk, and Captain Kell returned to 
the Confederacy^ he liad command of the ironclad ''Richmond" 
in the James river, but his health failing him during this ser- 
vice he was at home on sick leave at the time of the surrender. 

Since the war Captain Kell has lived a quiet, retired life, 
from which he was called by Governor Gordon when he became 
Governor, and tendered his present position. He has a lovely 
home at Sunnj^side, on the Macon and Western Railroad, pre- 
sided over by his charming wife, formerly Miss Julia Blanche 
Monroe, of Macon, to whom he was married in 1856, and who 
has proven a true, brave and devoted companion. 

In the life and character, thus briefly epitomized, the histo- 
rian of the future who writes in detail of the men of to-day 
will find much of public interest. 




To make an upriglit, fearless Judge, who does his duty at all 
times and under all circumstances, without fear, favor or affec- 
tion, and be at the same time a j)opular citizen, requires quali- 
ties that few men possess. The subject of this sketch is proof 
of the fact that it can be done. There are few, if any, more 
popular men iii public life to-day than Judge Kibbee, and yet 
that he makes an admirably just and faithful ofhcer is the tes- 
timony of all who know him. 

Charles C. Kibbee was born in Macon, Georgia, August 20th, 
1839. He graduated at Princeton, in the class of 1857, and hav- 
ing determined to make the law his profession, entered upon 
the study with the late lamented Gen. Thomas R. R. Cobb, at 
Athens, Georgia. He completed the course and was admitted 
to the bar in 1858 at Watkinsville, then the county site of 
Clarke county, when only nineteen years of age, and entered at 
once upon the practice at Hawkinsville, Pulaski county, where 
he has since continuously resided. He entered into partner- 
ship with the late Col. William H. Dawson, and the firm of 
Daw^son & Kibbee had a large and lucrative practice through- 
out that se(!tion of the State. 

Answering the first call to aims that resounded through the 
South, Mr, Kibbee entered the Confederate service as orderly 
sergeant of Co. G, Tenth Georgia Regiment, March, 1801 , and 
served through the war between the States, participating in all 
the campaigns of Lee's army, as also the campaign of Long- 
stkeet's corps, beginning at Chickamauga and ending with the 


siege of Knoxville. From sergeant he was promoted through 
all the various ranks to the position of Lieutenant Colonel of 
the gallant Tenth Georgia Regiment, receiving the last-named 
commission for conspicuous gallantry on the bloody field of 
Cold Harbor, in the Valley campaign. 

Returning home from the Avar Col. Kibbee resumed the practice 
of his profession, but his fellow-citizens called him from private 
life to serve them in the Legislature in l<S65-6. In 1868 he was 
a delegate to the State Democratic Convention. In 1870 was 
elected to the Senate to fill an unexpired term, and was re- 
elected without opposition in 1872. He served as Senator from 
the Fourteenth Senatorial District from 1870 to 1876, both in- 
clusive. Those were troul)lous times. The Republican party 
had been in full sway ; extravagance and pillage had run riot. 
The State's finances were in chaotic confusion, and upon the 
accession of the Democracy to jMnver in the councils of the 
State a herculean task confronted them. The State's credit 
was trembling in the balance, vast amounts of illegal bonds had 
l)een issued, and the Legislature was called upon to bi-ing order 
out of confusion, rectify mistakes, pass needed legislation, and 
recuperate an exhausted treasury. 

As Cliairman of the Finance Committee of the Senate, upon 
Col. KiBHEE devolved in large measure this tremendous under- 
taking. He conducted the examination of the State treasury, 
and was appointed by Governor Smith to examine and report 
upon the bonded debt of the State, and also the accounts of 
Henry Clews, who had been the financial agent of the State 
under Re})ubli('an rule. To his eai-nest, fearless, faithful and 
competent work in this capacitj' tlu> i)eo[)le of tl>e State are 
indel)ted for the saving of many thousands of dollars, Avhich 
but for it would have been wrung from their hard earnings. 

Retiring some years since; from active participation in j)oli- 
tics. Col. Kibbee devoted himself to the practice of his profes- 
sion. More than once enthusiastic friends have i)ressed his 
claims for Congressional honors, but wedded to his profession 



he has not sought preferments outside of such as it might offer. 
He was elected by the General Assembly in 1<S84 to his present 
position, in which he has given universal satisfaction, made a 
record as an able and painstaking jurist, and preserved un- 
spotted the judicial ermine. Judge Kibbee is a prominent Odd 
Fellow, having been Grand Master for the State, of that order, 
and representative to the Grand Lodge of the United States. 

This is but a brief capitulation of the salient points in the 
life of a man who has faithfullj^ served his people in every 
station to which he has been called. He has a charming family 
and a happy home, where he finds the sweetest pleasure of his 
life among his cherished household gods. 




The subject of this sketch is one of the most remarkable 
men in the General Assembly of Georgia. If there are any 
self-made men he is one, and the compiler regrets exceedingly 
that he has been unable to secure the data to give in full the 
details of a career that is as remarkable as it would be inter- 

Born in the country, and l)rought up on a farm, young Huff 
went through all the hardships and rigors of such a life; fre- 
quently, it is said, hauling wood through the streets of the city 
of which he was afterwards for many years the Mayor, and 
one of its wealthy and prominent citizens. In his early man- 
hood he was for a long time engaged in railroading, rising 
from the lowest position up to conductor, and "pulled a bell 
line" through many a long night and busy day. 

Subsequently he entered upon mercantile pursuits in Macon, 
and was for many years one of its most prominent wholesale 
merchants. He was for many years Maj^or of the city, and it 
was during his administration that the city debt was bonded, 
the Central City Pai-k laid out aiul beautihed into one of the 
loveliest spots in the South, free school buildings erected, and 
many other things done that has tended to i)ut the city forward 
as one of the livest and most important cities in the coimtry. 

In 1886 Mr. Huff was elected to the General Assembly, and 
has made one of the most progressive, practical and valual)le 
members of that body. "^ He has devoted much time and study 


to the convict question, and is the foremost apostle of the move- 
ment looking to a reformation of our present prison system. 

Mr. Huff was an important factor in all legislative questions 
during the last session, but is a worker and thinker rather than 
an orator. When he does speak, however, it is to the point, 
and one who had met him in debate during last session said he 
''could put more honey in his words, and more stings in his 
sentences, than any man alive." 

Of a restless, nervous temperament, Mr, Huff is energetic, 
tireless and indomitable in the advocacy of that which he 
deems right and proper. Peculiarly cordial and social in his 
manners, he makes friends easily, and, taken all in all, is one 
of the most popular men to-day in public life in Georgia. 



V\Uv\\'^ ^vx\\v 





Robert Ulla Hardeman, Treasurer of the State of Geoi-ji^ia, 
Avas borii in Macon, Georgia, November 22, 1838. His father 
was Thomas Hardeman, who was for many years a resident of 
Putnam county, tilling for a long while the oflftce of Sheritf, and 
Avas also Clerk of the Superior Court. He was a fine business 
man, and was the agent at Eatonton of the Bank of the State 
of Georgia. His wife was Miss Sarah B. Sparks before mar- 
riage. Of the sons of this marriage Hon. Thomas Hardeman, 
Jr., was late member of Congress from the State at large, and 
the other is the present Treasurer, the subject of this sketch. 

R. U. Hardeman was educated at Emory College, Oxford, 
Georgia, and graduated in 18.")8 in the class with Dr. Haygood, 
Dr. Hopkins, at present the President of Emory ; Hon. W. T. 
Revile, editor of the Meriwether Vindicator, and other dis- 
tinguished Georgians. At the outbreak of the war Mr. Harde- 
man volunteered and entered the Confederate army with the 
celebrated Floj^d Rifles, of Macon. He served throughout the 
war, and surrendered at Appomattox. 

After the war he entered mercantile pursuits, which he fol- 
lowed for several years. In ]87() he was tendered a i)Osition in 
the Comptroller General's office, and in this position became an 
expert on the financial and tax affairs of the State. In 1884 
he was nominated for Treasurer of the State on the Democratic 
ticket, and was elected, and was re-elected to the same office in 


In tlie Treasurer's office Mr. Hardeman has made a most 
envial)le record, and rendered valuable service to the State. 
Daring his first term $3,455,000 of the State's bonds bearing 7 
per cent, interest matured, and Mr. Hardeman was chiefly 
instrumental in having issued a new series of bonds bearing 
only 4i per cent, interest, which, through his excellent manage- 
ment, were sold at a premium of five-sixteenths, the State thus 
making not only the i:)remium, but saving annually 2h per cent, 
upon her bonded debt. The record is one of which any public 
officer might well be proud. Yet in the prime of life, and his 
mental and physical vigor, he bids fair to enjoy many years of 
usefulness to his people and State. 




Capt. Evan Park Howell is the Atlanta member of the 
Commission. He is the oldest son of the late Judge Claek 
Howell, and was born in Milton countj", Georgia, December 
10, 1839. When Capt. Howell was in his eleventh year his 
father settled in Atlanta, and resided there for several years. 

He graduated at the Georgia JNIilitary Institute, at Marietta, 
in 1859, and in the j^ear following graduated from the Lumpkin 
Law School, Athens. He then went to Sandersville and began 
the practice of law with Judge James S. Hook. 

He was married in 1861 to Miss Julia A. Erwix, of South 
Carolina, and at the outbreak of the war entered the Confeder- 
ate service. He organized and commanded Howell's Batterj^ 
throughout the war, serving in Virginia and Georgia with Cle- 
burne's Division. His battery was actively engaged in almost 
all the important battles against Sherman in the famous 
'"March to the Sea." He was a gallant soldier, and his cool 
and indifferent manner while under heavy fire was a matter of 
remark among his command, and served to show the dauntless 
spirit and unflinching bravery of the man and soldier. 

At the close of the war he again moved to Atlanta, entered 
journalism with the Atlanta Intellujencer, and afterward re- 
sumed the practice of law, having as his partner the late Judge 


During his residence in Atlanta he has served several times 
in the Aldermanic Board of the city, and for a time took great 
interest in the volunteer fire department. 


He also served four years as Solicitor General of the Atlanta 
circuit, during which time his great energy, aided by his elo- 
quent speech and superior knowledge of law, proved wonder- 
fully effective in the majority of cases of the State versus 

In 1876 he was elected to rej)resent the Thirty-fifth District 
in the State Senate, and was re-elected in 1878. 

He was a delegate to the National Democratic Convention 
which nominated Mr. Tilden for the Presidency. He was also 
a delegate from the State at large to the conventions which 
nominated Gen. Hancock in 1880 and Gov. Cleveland in 

In 1876 he purchased an interest in the Atlanta Constitution, 
and became President of the Constitution Publishing Company 
and editor-in-chief of the paper, which position he has since 

Upon the death of Commissioner Benjamin E. Crane Capt. 
Howell was appointed by the Governor to fill the vacancy. 
Since his connection with the Commission he has been not only 
regular but punctual in his attendance at its meetings, giving 
at all times serious thought to even the minute affairs of the 
charge given to the Commission. 

Soon after the administration of national affairs passed into 
Democratic hands President Cleveland tendered to Capt. 
Howell the appointment of Consul to Manchester. For purely 
personal reasons Capt. Howell declined to accept this dis- 
tinguished honor. 

He is a man of great personal magnetism, and his friends are 
thickly scattered throughout the State. Appreciating his 
superior qualities as a man they constantly seek to thrust upon 
him the distinguislied honors which they feel he so justly 








The Speaker of the House of Representatives is a most im- 
portant and arduous position. To fill it successfully and ac- 
ceptably requires not only talent of a high order, but quick 
perception, firmness and discretion, coupled with never-failing 
coiu'tesy, as well as a mastery of the science of parliamentary 
law and precedent. All of these make a combination so rare 
that few men are found who possess the full and rounded 
character which they go to complete. 

It is not too much to say that the present Speaker of the 
House is one of the finest presiding officers who have wielded 
the gavel over that body. Possessing in large degree all the 
accomplishments above noted, combined with a keen sense ot 
justice, a smooth temper, pleasant address, and popular man- 
ners, no man who has ever occupied the position has lent to it 
more grace, dignity and honor, than tlie gentlenum who at 
present presides over the deliberations of the House. 

AViLi.iAM A. Little is a native of Talbot county, Georgia, 
where he grew to manhood. He had but just begun to look 
about him for his life work when the civil war broke over the 
land, and he entered the Confederate army and served through 
the struggle, coming out with the rank of Captain of cavalry. 
After the war he studied law, was admitted to the bar, and be- 
gan the practice at Talbotton, in his native county. Shortly 
afterward he was Assistant Secretary of the State Senate. He 
was appointed by Gov. Smith Solicitor General of the Chatta- 


hoochee circuit in 1872, and removed to Columbus. When the 
Constitutional Convention of 1877 was called he was elected to 
that body, in which he served with distinction, being the origi- 
nator and champion of many of the reforms brought about by 
that instrument. In 1882 he was elected to the House of Rep- 
resentatives from Muscogee, and served in the session of 1882-3 
as chairman of the Finance Committee, the most important in 
the body. He was re-elected in 1884, and upon the assembling 
of the body was chosen Speaker. His record in the position 
was so eminently satisfactory that when his people returned 
him to the present House he was unanimously chosen for the 
same position. 

The limits of this article do not admit going into the details 
of the Speaker's legislative record. He has done much since 
he has been in the House that has been of value to the State. 
He was an ardent champion of the bill establishing the Tech- 
nological School by the State, and he takes a just pride in this 
work. The only time the writer has ever seen him yield the 
gavel and come down to the floor to participate in a debate was 
during the last session, upon a proposition to withhold the ap- 
propriation from this institution, upon which he made an argu- 
ment so clear, able and convincing as to challenge the hearty 
applause of the House and galleries. 

The meagreness of detail and data in this brief sketch is due 
to the innate modesty of the man, the compiler having been 
compelled to rely upon such as he could gather from the friends 
of the Speaker. None can regret this more than the writer. 




Frank L. Haralson, the present efficient State Librarian, a 
son of Hon. T. J. Haralson, of Union county, his mother hav- 
ing been before marriage Miss Mary A. Logan, of White 
county, was born in Union county, Georgia, January 8, 1853. 

He received the rudiments of an education in the common 
schools of the county, and subsequently attended the North 
Georgia Agricultural College, at Dahlonega, being the first 
student enrolled when that institution was established. He 
subsequently graduated at the University, Athens, Georgia, in 

Mr. Haralson, after completing his education, entered upon 
the study of law, and was admitted to the bar in 1875, and 
entered upon the practice at Cleveland, White county. 

In January, 1877, when Gov. Colquitt came into office, Mr. 
Haralson was appointed by him to the office of State Li- 
brarian, and has held the position continuously since that time, 
having been reappointed by Gov. Colquitt, again by Gov. Mc- 
Daniel, and lastly by Gov. Gordon. 

On March 26, 1883, Mr. Haralson was married to Miss Lula 
Small, sister of Rev. Sam W. Small, the evangelist, a most 
lovely and accomplished lady. No man who has ever held the 
position has given more general satisfaction to those having 
business with the department over which he presides. 




The stranger who would look over the House of Representa- 
tives from the gallery or any other point of vantage would be 
almost sure to inquire the name of this gentleman. His face 
would attract attention anywhere, and among the active, bright 
and brainy young men who make up so large a part of the 
General Assembly, he easily takes rank as among the first of 
the legal lights of the House. 

Mr. Glenn was born in Chattooga county, Georgia, December 
31, 1855, and consequently is now but hardly in the prime of 
his intellectual and mental vigor. He was admitted to the bar 
at an early age, and since that time has been so assiduous a 
student that few men at his time of life are so well equipped. 
He has not only been a student of books, but of men, and his 
keen judgment of human nature aids him not a little in those 
hot legal and political contests in which he has become known 
and recognized as a power throughout his section. 

While Mr. Glenn never entered any political contest on his 
own account until the canvass for his present seat, he has al- 
most ever since his majority been a close observer of men and 
measures, and not unfrequently his voice has been raised in 
elotpient measure to give his fellow-citizens the benefit of his 
pronounced convictions upon public questions. Notably in the 
last Gubernatorial campaign his voice rang from many a stump 
in advocacy of Gov. Gordon, and though he met and bearded 
veteran campaigners, held his own and came away witli his full 
share of the laurels. 


This brings us to say that as an orator Mr. Glenn has many 
of the graces that charm and capture assemblages of men. 
Always earnest, often truly eloquent, he garnishes the readj^ 
flow of words with such a wealth of illustration, classic, comic 
and convincing, that it is alwaj'^s a pleasure to listen to him. 
Amid it all he never forgets the courtesy of the true gentleman, 
and even his opponents are his friends, and ready as any to 
acknowledge his genius. 

In the present House Mr. Glenn is a member of the Com- 
mittees on Judiciary, Corporations, Labor and Lal)or Statistics, 
as well as others of less importance. On the first named he has 
done much important work, and as chairman of the joint com- 
mittee to inquire whether an act incorporating a railroad was a 
local or special bill, submitted a report that challenged the ad- 
miration of the House by its strong grasp and clear presenta- 
tion of the points involved in the question. 





Hon. J. L. Hand was born in Houston county, near Perry, 
in this State, March 20, 1851, and spent his boyhood on liis 
father's country place, "Rocky Hill," ten miles east of 
Americus. Too young to enter the army, he organized the 
Pleasant Grove Guards, a body of boys like himself, was 
elected Captain, and many were the bloodless battles they 
fought in mimicry of the fearful contest then being waged on 
the stage of national warfare. He is the son of Columbus W. 
Hand, and grandson of Henry H. Hand, of Burke county. His 
mother was a daughter of Mr. Isaac A. Bower, of Milledge- 
ville, Georgia. 

In 1868 Mr. Hand entered the University of Georgia, gradu- 
ating from that institution with high honors in 1871. Casting 
about him for employment, and witb no prejudice against honest 
manual labor, he engaged as fireman in a steam saw mill, and 
so faithfull}^ did he perform his duty and so thoroughly did he 
familiarize himself with every detail of the business that he 
rose step by step through all the gradations of the business 
from this Inimble position until to-day, when he counts among 
his possessions an interest in three large saw mills, four turpen- 
tine distilleries, and is proprietor of a large and flourishing 
mercantile business in the town of Pelham, on the Savannah, 
Florida and Western Railway. He is a successful business 
man, and all in all a fair type of the energetic, pushing young 
Southerner. He has, in addition to his other interests, takeii a 
lively and successful interest in agricultural pursuits. 


In 1877 Mr. Hand was married to Miss Emma Collinsworth, 
a daughter of Mr. Fletcher Collinsworth, of Sumter county. 
Two children, girls, aged respectively seven and five, have 
blessed the union. He has a handsome home, filled with the 
comforts, conveniences and luxuries of life, and finds his high- 
est enjoyment in the sacred precincts of that charmed circle. 

Mr. Hand was elected in 1886 to represent his Senatorial dis- 
trict, composed of the counties of Mitchell, Miller and Decatur, 
in the State Senate, in which body he has taken high rank as a 
capable, thoughtful and earnest legislator. He is chairman of 
the Committee on State Library, and a member of those on 
Finance, Railroads, Banks, Public Property, Engrossing and 
Enrollment. Personally he is a gentleman of pleasant address, 
makes friends easily, and is deservedly popular among those 
who know him. 



5>^ t/ yt^-C-ty^ 




Few men are lilessed with a happier foculty of making strong 
fi"iends and holding them than the suhject of this sketch. The 
strong personahty of the man, his high sense of hdnor, combine 
with genial social traits that make him a prime favorite with all 
with whom he comes in contact. 

A. S. Clay is the son of a farmer, W. J. Clay, and Ann Clay. 
Was born September 25th. 1858, near Powder Spring, in Cobb 
connty. He remained npon the farm nntil the age of sixteen, 
when he went to Palmetto and attended school for two years. 
He then taught a year, went to Hiwassee College. Tennessee, 
for three years, graduating in 1875. Having borrowed money 
to complete his education, he taught for two years and repaid 
it. reading law at nights and spare moments during the time, 
and had two hundred dollars left. He was admitted to the bar 
in the fall of 1877, and entered at once upon the practice. As 
is the case with most young barristers, practice came slowly at 
fii-st, but he worked and waited, and in the course of two or 
three years prospects brightened and business came to seek 
him. From then to now this has constantly increased, until he 
now enjoys a large and lucrative, as well as constantly growing 
practice. He has accumulated a handsome little property by 
his practice, and bids fair to become wealth5\ 

Mr. Clay's first office was councilman of Marietta, to which 
he was elected in 1880, and re-elected at the expiration of his 
first term, but resigned. He was nominated to represent his 


county in the Legislature in 1884, and was elected by large a 
majority. In 1886 he carried every militia district in the 
county, and was unarumously nominated for re-election by the 
county convention, A. S. McClesky being nominated as his 
colleague. The Knights of Labor put out two candidates, and 
after a spirited contest both nominees were elected, Mr. Clay 
leading the ticket by a large majority. Just after his nomina- 
tion to the House the Senatorial convention of the Thirty-fifth 
District met in Atlanta and remained in session a whole week. 
On the 1200tli ballot Mr. Clay was unanimously nominated. 
He declined the nomination on the ground that he had already 
accepted a nomination to represent the people of his county in 
the House. 

In November, 1881, Mr. Clay was married to Miss Fannie 
White; two bright boys, one five and the other one year old, 
are the fruits of the happy union. He is a member of the 
Methodist church, has a happy home, and the future which 
stretches before him lures him on to a life of honor, usefulness 
and happiness. 




Few men in Georgia are better known than Hon. James H. 
Blouxt, Member of Congress from the Sixth District. He has 
been continuonsly in public life for nearly fourteen years as the 
incumbent of his present seat, and has become widely and 
favorably known not only throughout Georgia but all over the 
entire countr3^ 

Mr. Blount was born in Jones county, Georgia, September 
12, 1837. His earl}^ life and education was that of most 
young men of the time, and upon attaining his majority he 
entered upon the practice of law at Clinton, in the county of 
Jones. After a number of years successful practice at the bar, 
he removed to Macon, and rapidly won his way to the top of a 
bar known and admired throughout the State for the ability of 
its members. 

Mr. Blount was first elected to the Forty-third Congress, 
being, if we mistake not, the first Democrat elected and allowed 
to take his seat from that District after the war. He was re- 
elected to the Forty-fourth, Forty-fifth, Forty-sixth, Forty-sev- 
enth, Forty-eighth and Fort^'-ninth Congresses, and was last 
year again chosen by his people and will take his seat in the 
Fiftieth Congress, and should he live to finish the term will 
have completed sixteen years of Congressional service. There 
are only two or three men in the National House who outrank 
him in the number of years of continuous service. 

Mr. Blount's record in Congress is well known througliout 
the Union. He has always been a strict economist, and the 


unrelenting foe of wasteful expenditure and jobs of all kinds. 
So stringent has he been on this line as to frequently subject 
him to harsh criticism, which, however, in no wise altered his 
course or purpose. Since the elevation of Hon. John G. Car- 
lisle to the Speakership of the House Mr. Blount has been 
one of his most trusted advisers, and is a recognized leader on 
the Democratic side. 




Judge BoYNTON was born in Henrj^ county, Georgia, May 7, 
1833. He was the son of Elijah S. Boynton, wlio came origi- 
nally from Vermont, and of Scotch descent. His mother's 
maiden name was Elizabeth Moffet, who was of French ex- 
traction and belonged to an old South Carolina family. 

Judge Boynton had few advantages in early life. His early, 
and indeed only education, was derived from a few months' 
attendance in each year on the exercises of the "old field 
school " of those days, and the remainder of the time was 
spent in manual labor upon the farm of his father. One of his 
early aml)itions was to enter upon a military career, and he 
went so far as to prepare himself to enter West Point, but the 
death of his father, and subsequentlj^ his guardian, upon whom 
he relied for aid, made this course impossible and forced him to 
turn his attention to other pursuits. 

Choosing law as a profession, he entered upon tlie study at 
McDonough, Georgia, and in seven weeks mastered it suffici- 
ently to be admitted to the bar. In 1852 he began practice at 
Monticello, Jasper county, where he remained until 1858, when 
he removed to Jackson, Butts county, and formed a partner- 
ship with Col. James R. Lyons. In 1860 he was elected Ordi- 
nary of Butts county. At the outbreak of the war he enlisted 
as a private in the Thirtieth Georgia Regiment. He was 
elected Major of the regiment from the ranks, and laid down 
his musket to take up a sword. He was promoted first to 
Lieutenant Colonel and afterwards to Colonel ; was severely 


wounded at Decatur on the 22d of July, 1864, returned to his 
regiment as soon as able, and remained with it to the end. 

In 1866, having removed his family to Griffin during the war, 
and making that his home afterward, he was elected Judge of 
the County Court. He \Yas Mayor of Griffin from 1869 to 1872. 
In 1880 he was elected to the State Senate, and upon the organi- 
zation of that body was unanimously elected President, thus 
becoming ex-offieio Governor of the State. Upon the death of 
Gov. Alexander H. Stephens he succeeded to the office, and 
held it until the election of Hon. Henry D. McDaniel, when 
he retired to private life and the practice of his jjrofession. In 
1886, upon the resignation of Hon. John D. Stewart, Judge of 
the Superior Courts of the Flint circuit. Gov. Boynton was ap- 
pointed to hold until the meeting of the Legislature. That 
body elected him without opposition to fill Judge Stewart's 
unexpired term, and also for the full term following, which will 
expire January 1, 1891. 

Gov. Boynton was married to Miss Fannie Loyall, Decem- 
ber 2, 1852, just after his admission to the bar. She bore him 
two sons, and died in 1877. He was married the second time, 
April 30, 1883, to Mrs. Susie T. Harris, of Walton county, a 
charming and most estimable lady. 








No more refined, cultured and honorable constituency in the 
State of Georgia has representation in the General Assembly 
than the county of Chatham, of which the old city of Savannah 
is the social and political centre. To be chosen as one of her 
Representatives is an honor of which any man might well feel 

Of her present representation, Hon. Philip M. Russell is in 
appearance one of the most venerable men in tlie House, and 
owing to his long and honorable public service is widely known 
and universally respected. He is a son of Isaac Russell, Esq., 
and Perla Sheftall Russell, and was born in Savannah, De- 
cember 17, 1815. His ancestors came to this country with 
Oglethorpe, and were among the first settlers of the State, and 
honorably identified with the history of the War of Indepen- 

Of a delicate temperament in his earlier years, Mr. Russell 
failed of a rudimentary education, but the will and energy of 
his nature made up in after years for what he failed to gain in 
childhood, and in 1833 he commenced the study of law with 
his uncle, Hon. Mordecai Sheftall, Sr., a leading member of 
the bar, and for several years Judge of the Court of Common 
Pleas and Oyer and Terminer of the City of Savannah. 

September 15, 1834, Mr. Russell, the subject of this sketch, 

was married to Miss Elizabeth C. Ferre, of Philadelphia, a 

descendant of Commodore Springer, U. S. N. In the same 

year he accepted the appointment of Collector for the Savan- 



nah, Ogeechee and Altamaha Canal Company, In 1835 he held 
his first office, being elected Constable of his district, and served 
in this capacity, acting in the meantime incidentally as Depnty 
HherifF, and also as Deputy United States Marshal. In June, 
1843, he was elected Sheriff of the city of Savannah, in 1844 
Justice of the Peace. While holding this office he was appoint- 
ed Collector of Customs. In 1846 he was again Justice of the 
Peace, and while holding this office was elected Clerk of the 
Court of Common Pleas and Oyer and Terminer. In 1853 he 
was elected City Marshal of Savannah, and filled that office 
with credit for two years. In 1855 he continued the study of 
law, meanwhile acting as Clerk of the United States Courts, 
and in 1856 was elected Clerk of the City Court of Savannah. 

Mr. EussELL has always taken a warm interest in military 
affairs, and became a member of the famous " Republican Blues" 
in 1833. At the organization of the State forces by Governor 
Brown he was commissioned as Captain, and assigned to Har- 
kie's Regiment, Harrison's Brigade, where he served until in- 
capacitated from typhoid fever and discharged. In 1863 he 
was elected to the Legislature, and re-elected in 1865. Being 
disfranchised under the Reconstruction Acts, he resumed his 
position as Clerk of the City Court. He was admitted to the 
bar in 1871, and subsequently the Supreme and United States 

In 1876 he received thirty-nine of the forty-two votes present 
in the County Democratic Convention, and was again elected 
to the Legislature, leading his ticket by seventy-two votes, and 
was re-elected in 1877 by a majority of two hundred and ninety- 
nine over his highest opponent. In November, 1886, he was 
again elected to the Legislatui-e by a majority of one hundred 
and ninety-four over the highest candidate on the opposition 
ticket, and is a member of the present House. 

Such is in brief the history of a man who has devoted almost 
an entire lifetime to politics, and sei'ved his people with con- 
spicuous ability and untiring energy. He has been Clerk of 



the City Court of Savannah for about thirty-four years, finding 
time meanwhile for the other duties we have mentioned. He 
has always been a staunch and unflinching Democrat, com- 
manding the confidence of his fellow-citizens, evidenced by the 
fact that whenever he has been the nominee of his party he has 
received the highest vote cast for the ticket. He has repre- 
sented his party in numerous conventions, and was chairman 
of the committee which notified the late Alexander H. Ste- 
phens of his nomination for Governor, and is now a member of 
the Democratic Executive Committee of his county. 

Mr. Russell is a Hebrew in religion, and his whole political 
course has been in the direction of the amelioration of the con- 
dition of the laboring classes, among whom he is a prime favor- 
ite. He is personally sociable, easy of approach, generous to a 
fault, and always ready to aid, with purse, hand and brain, the 
cause of the needy, the poor and oppressed. 




The historian who essays to give anything like a complete 
history of Georgia from 1845 to the present time will have 
much to do with Alfred H. Colquitt. He has been a promi- 
nent actor in so many scenes, including the stirring events of 
the late gigantic civil war, that to write a complete history of 
him would be to write much of the history of Georgia. 

Senator Colquitt was born in Walton county, Georgia, April 
20, 1824. Of the splendid ancestory from which he sprang 
there is no space in this article to speak. Suffice it to say that 
there was much in it of which he might be proud. He received 
his education at Princeton College, from which he graduated in 
1844. He at once studied law, and was admitted to the bar 
immediately upon reaching his majority, in 1845. In 1847, 
upon the breaking out of the Mexican war, he volunteered for 
the defence of his country, and served as a staff officer with 
the rank of Major during the two years of that contest. 

After the Mexican war he was nominated and elected to the 
Thirty-third Congress. At the expiration of his term he de- 
clined a renomination, and retired to private life. At the solici- 
tation of his fellow-citizens he accepted a seat in the Georgia 
Legislature in 1859. He was a Presidential elector on the 
Breckknridge ticket in 1860. He was a member of the seces- 
sion convention of Georgia, and upon the secession of the State 
from the Union again took up arms, and entered the Confed- 
erate service as Captain. Subsequently he was chosen and 
commissioned Colonel of the Sixth Georgia Infantry, later 


Brigadier General, and at the close of the war was Major Gen- 
eral of infantry. At the blood}' battle of Olustee, Florida, he 
behaved with such conspicuous gallantry as to challenge the 
admiration of the Confederacy, and was known afterwards as 
"the hero of Olustee." 

After the close of the war Gen. Colquitt returned to agri- 
cultural pursuits, and was for a number of j'cars President of 
the iState Agricultural Society. In 1876 he was elected Gover- 
nor for the term of four years. In 1880 he was again elected, 
after a hard-fought campaign in which he was opposed by Hon. 
Thomas M. Xoravood, for a term of two j^ears, upon the ex- 
piration of which he was elected to the United States Senate 
for a term of six years, which will expire March 3, 1889. 

Such is a brief condensation of the more salient points in 
Senator Colquitt's political career. Of his charming family, 
happy home life, prominence in church and temperance work 
in his own State and throughout the Union we have not space 
here to speak. They are part of the history of the times, and 
familiar to most readers of the public press. 








William Hardin was a prominent and well-known citizen of 
old Cass, now Bartow county, in his day and generation. He 
was originally of Henry count3% and was sent to Cherokee 
count}^ by Jackson to aid in removing the Indians, having 
accomplished which, he settled in Cass county. He was the 
first Democrat ever elected from Cass to the General Assembly, 
to which he was repeatedly sent as a Senator. He was Presi- 
dent of the Western Bank of Georgia. 

Mark A. Hardin is the son of William Hardin. His mother 
was before her marriage Miss Cloud, of Putnam, and was at one 
time a pupil of Wii-liam H. Seward, when that afterwards 
famous man wielded the birch in a country school-house in that 
countJ^ The subject of this sketch was born in McDonough, 
Heniy county, September 21, 1830. His education began in the 
county schools, after which he attended for four years the 
Couaseen High School. In 1848 he was appointed to West 
Point, but after eighteen months in that institution he resigned 
and returned home. In 1851 he was married to Miss Emma 
Sullivan, of Greenville, S. C, and tliere have been born to them 
seven children — five daughters and two sons. 

Mr. Hardin was elected to the General Assembly and served 
during the sessions of 1859-60. In 1862 he entered the Con- 
federate army as a Captain in the famous Morgan's cavalry. He 
was captured in 1863 and sent to Fort LaFayette, and subse- 
quently transferred to Fort Warren, where he remained until 



the close of the war, being the first prisoner discharged from 
that institution after the cessation of hostilities. 

For several years after the war Mr. Hardin devoted himself to 
agricultural pursuits. In 1868 he was the Davis-Hall caucus 
nominee for Clerk of the House of Representatives, and was 
elected, but was turned out in 1870, under the reorganization 
had under the reconstruction acts. In 1877 he was Assistant 
Secretary of the Constitutional Convention, and in 1878-9 was 
Assistant Clerk of the House of Representatives. In 1880 he 
was elected Clerk of that body, and has held the position con- 
tinously since that time. Few men in the State have as wide a 
personal acquaintance, and none have more friends. 




This gentleman enjoys the distinction of being one of the 
fe^v Democratic Representatives fi-om his connty since the war. 
The colored population are largel}" in the majorit}^, and having 
heretofore voted the Republican ticket almost solidly, have been 
enabled to send a man of their own color to represent them in 
the legislative halls, save when, from irregularities in the elec- 
tion, some of the votes were throAvn out as illegal. In the con- 
test for his present seat Mr. Way had a clear majority of nearly 
two liundred, having polled the full vote of his party, and 
drawn largely from the other side. 

Mr. Way is yet quite young, having been born in Liberty 
county August 22, 1857, being the fourth son of William J. and 
J AXE A. AVay. His father — left as were most Southerners — in 
straightened circumstances, was unable to educate, as he desired, 
his large family of children; so the subject of this sketch, by 
diut of his own exertions, worked out an education. He read 
law and was admitted to the bar in 1879, since which time he has 
diligently pursued the practice of his profession with gratifying 

In 1884 Mr. Way's county sent liim as a delegate to the Con- 
gressional Convention of the First District, with instructions to 
present the name of its favorite son — Capt. S. D. Brauwell — to 
that bod}^ as its choice for this office. A •"de^ldlock" ensued for 
several days, during which young Way measured swords with 
the trained political managers of this famous old district, and 
bv his lovaltv to his friend, and his fidelitv totlie trust confided 


to him by his people, won the admiration of the people — not 
only of his own county, but the entire district. His speeches 
during those days attracted the attention of all who heard or 
read them. This proceeding was repeated again in 1886, and 
again Mr. Way bore himself in such a manner as to add new 
laurels to those already won. 

In 1885 the State Agricultural Society invited Mr. Way, 
through its Executive Committee, to address that body, and his 
effort attracted wide attention. 

In the last election Mr. Way was put forward as the standard- 
bearer of his party and elected, as already noted. In the Gen- 
eral Assembly, while he has been modest, he has not hesitated to 
express pronounced views upon such legislation as commended 
itself to his consideration, and has made a punctual, painstaking, 
industrious and efficient member. Mr. AVay is at yet unmarried, 
and has ahead of him a career that promises to be long and 




If called upon to answer the question, "Who is W. H. Atwood ?" 
the writer, who has known him from boyhood, would answer: 
"Capt. Atwood is a true and typical Southern gentleman, of the 
old reghnej who lives near Darien, Ga. 

No title of nobility, no spurs of knighthood, no decoration 
bestowed by crowned heads upon the proudest scion of nobility 
implies such nicety of honor, such social refinements, such 
warm-hearted hospitality, as are expressed in these words. They 
describe a race peculiar to the coast of the Southland in ante- 
beUum days, not inaptly called ''the cavaliers of the South." 

Born in the county of Mcintosh in 1836, where for genera- 
tions his ancestors had held the highest social position, and 
nurtured amid the refining influences peculiar to the wealthy 
planter of the South before the war, and carrying in his veins 
the blood of that noble band of Highland Scots who settled that 
portion of our State, it is no wonder that Mr. Atwood should 
bear the impress of the true gentleman, and charm all who know 
him by his genial manners and versatile accomplishments of 
his nature and education. 

On the paternal side he is descended from one of the oldest 
Connecticut families; his father, fresh from his Alma Mater, 
having cast his fortunes with the South, and wooed and won 
Miss McIntosh, a descendant of the clans of McCoy, McKenzie 
and McIntosh, warmed for generations under a Southern sky. 
It is no wonder that such a union should have resulted in a 


chivalric and noble race, of which the subject of this sketch is 
the oldest surviving male representative. 

He was but just across the threshhold of manhood, when an- 
swering his country's call, he went to the front as Captain of 
a troop of kindred spirits in the famous Fifth Georgia Regi- 
ment, remained true to his manhood and his country through 
the j^ears of "war's dread strife," and surrendered at its close 
his stainless sword and the few bleeding survivors who had 
followed him. 

Without idle repining he accepted the fiat of defeat, and set 
about repairing his personal fortunes and the rehabilitation of 
his section. Having married the daughter of Mr. James R. 
Butts, of Macon, he made his home in the country of his birth. 
Not seeking preferment, unassuming and modest, his fellow- 
citizens brought him from his retirement and sent him to the 
Lower House of the GeneralAssembly in 1876. In 1886 he was 
their choice for State Senator, and has discharged the duties of 
both positions with an ability and devotion to duty character- 
istic of the man. 










Allen D. Candler, of Gainesville, Hall county, member of 
Congress from the Ninth Di^rict of Georgia, was born in 
Lumpkin county, Georgia, November 4th, 1834. In his boy- 
hood he attended the common schools of tlie country, and sub- 
sequently attended Mercer University, where he graduated in 
1858. He read law, but never practiced, devoting himself to 
teaching for a year or two, until the outbreak of the civil war, 
when he enlisted as a private in the Confederate army. He 
was subsequently elected a Lieutenant, Captain, Lieutenant 
Colonel, and Colonel, and was engaged in many a bloody battle 
during the long years of that terrible strife. At the blood}- 
battle of Jonesboro he was severely wounded in the head, 
losing an eye. 

After the war Col. Candler resumed the profession of teach- 
ing, first in Monroe Female College and subsequently as Presi- 
dent of the Sam Bailey Institute, at Griffin, Georgia. His 
health breaking down in this sedentary employment, in 1870 
he gave up his position and removed to Gainesville. Seeking 
active out-door employment, he entered upon the milling and 
building and contracting business, and the proud young city of 
Gainesville, the Queen City of the Mountains, owes much of its 
rapid progress and wonderful development to his busy brain 
and activity and energy. During the years he was engaged in 
business in Gainesville he found time to serve as Mayor, build 
a street railroad system, and set on foot many enterprises that 
have contril)uted to the growth and prosperity of the city. The 


most important of these, perhaps, is the Gainesville, Jefferson 
and Southern Railroad, of which he was elected President at a 
time when the enterprise seemed sleeping the sleep that knows 
no waking. There was not a cross-tie or a rail, or a right of 
way, or a dollar in money, hut, undismayed, he entered upon 
the task of building the road with the vigor and energy which 
has ever characterized him, and in two years had the line built, 
equipped and in operation. 

In 1872 his fellow-citizens elected him to represent them in 
the lower House of the General Assembly, which position he 
held until 1877. In that year he framed and introduced the 
bill calling a constitutional convention for Georgia, and cham- 
pioned it to its passage, against heavy odds. At the first elec- 
tion under the new constitution he was chosen a State Senator, 
and served two years and retired without asking a re-election. 

In 1881 Col. Candler was unanimously nominated for Con- 
gress without opposition by the Democi-atic party of the Ninth 
District. The outlook was most discouraging. The party in 
the district had been rent asunder, and in two previous cam- 
paigns Hon. Emory Speer had run as an Independent, and de- 
feated, first, Hon. Joel A. Billups, of Morgan, a most accom- 
plished gentleman, and in the second Hon. Hiram P. Bell, a 
former Eepresentative in Congress and one of the ablest and 
most popular men in the district, by a majority of nearly 5,000. 
Young, active, eloquent, aggressive, flushed with two victories, 
■feeling secure in his position, he waited for the Democratic 
nominee like Goliah waited for David between Shochoh and 

In such a crisis the party made Col. Candler its nominee. 
Without hesitation he accepted the party standard, and went 
into the conflict. It was one of the most memorable that has 
ever occurred in the State. The nominee forced the fighting 
from the start, and the old Ninth was one grand bonfire of en- 
thusiasm from the heights of Rabun to the valleys of Morgan, 
The Independent champion was thrown on the defensive early 


in the campaign, and Candler gained strength every day. 
When the end came he reversed Mr. Speer's majority, and was 
elected to the Forty-eighth Congress by a majority of over 2,600, 
thus redeeming the district and restoring it to the Democracy. 
He was re-elected to the Forty-ninth Congress, and has been 
again re-elected to the Fiftieth, without opposition. His present 
term will expire March 3, 1889. 







Our engi-aver lias succeeded in giving us a fine portrait of the 
subject of this sketch, admittedly one of the finest presiding 
officers who wields the gavel of any deliberative body, as well 
as one of the most cultured and genial gentlemen native to a 
State which boasts a citizenry unsurpassed anywhere in the 
chivalry and manliness of her sons. 

John S. Davidson is a typical Georgian. He was born in 
Augusta, Georgia, his present home, and, contravening the 
maxim that "a prophet is not without honor, save in his own 
country," has never lived anj^where else, but has grown up and 
made his way in the world among the people in the city of his 
birth, who now delight to honor him, and appreciate and re- 
ward his efforts in their behalf. His mother was a Treat — a 
lineal descendant of Robert Treat, the "Charter Oak Gov- 
ernor" of Connecticut, who was Lieutenant Governor and Gov- 
ernor of that State for twenty-five years, and of Robert Treat 
Paine, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence, 
and long Attorney General of Massachusetts. His father, Wil- 
liam D. Davidson, was descended from Gen. William David- 
son, of North Carolina. 

Mr. Davidson's education was obtained at Augusta schools 
and at the Aubury Institute, in Twiggs county. He left school 
in the latter part of 1S64, and some years after th(^ war was as- 
sociated with James R. Randall in the editorial department of 
the Augusta Constitutionalist. After this he studied law, and is 
at present engaged in its practice with gratifying success. 



Several years since Mr. Davidson was elected from the floor 
Grand Master of the Masons of Georgia, one of the largest and 
most intelligent deliberative bodies in the State. Such an elec- 
tion, never having held any other office in the Grand Lodge, 
has only occurred once before (United States Senator W. C. 
Dawson being elected in the same way) in the one hundred and 
fifty years of the existence of the Grand Lodge. 

In 1884 Mr. Davidson was unanimously elected to the Senate 
and served as chairman of the Finance Committee of that 
body. His committee never lost a report during the session, 
something which has rarely if ever occurred before in the his- 
tory of the Georgia Legislature. In 1886 he was re-elected to 
the Senate by a large majority, and unanimously chosen Presi- 
dent of the body. He is President of the Board of Education 
of Richmond county, and City Attorney of the city of Augusta. 
He is unmarried. 




Talbot Carleton Belt, of Beltwood, Burke county, was 
born at Wrightsboro, Columbia county, Georgia, June 4, 
1849, and is the eldest son of Dr. Lloyd Carleton Belt and 
Elizabeth Talbot Belt. On his father's side he is descended 
from Dr. Lloyd Belt, of Maryland, and is a great-grandson of 
John Berrien, of New Jersey, who was on George Washing- 
ton's staff. He is a great-nephew of Hon, John McPherson 
Berrien, one of the greatest of Georgia's great. 

On his mother's side he is purely Southern. His mother 
traces her lineage back through a long line of noble names to 
the colonial families of Virginia, William Jones, of the cele- 
brated '' Hanover Militia," the first troops raised in 1776, being 
her great grand-father. She is a grand-daughter of Gov. John 
Talbot, of Virginia. He and John Lynch, of ''Lj'nch Law " 
fame, signed, side by side, the first Declaration of Independence, 
in June, 1774, he being then a member of the House of Bur- 
gesses of Virginia. Previous to this King George III. had 
given to him a grant of land in Wilkes county, Georgia, to 
which he removed in 1785, subsequently representing his county 
in the Legislature at Savannah for several years. He died in 
1795, leaving two sons, Mathew and Thomas, whose services to 
the State are part of her history. 

From such a line is the subject of our sketch descended. His 
father. Dr. Lloyd Carleton Belt, was among the first to offer 
his services to his country during the late war, and with a com- 
panj' of one hundred men, uniformed by his wife, took commis- 


siou in tlie Confederate service March 27, 1861, in the Ninth 
Georgia Regiment as its color company. He went with his 
relatives, Bartow and Bee, to Virginia in May following. He 
was wounded at Dam No. 1, Yorktown, April, 1862, and died 
in Richmond on May 14 following. 

Talbot Carleton Belt, the eldest son of Dr. Belt, educated 
at Sparta and Athens, left school, with his mother's consent, 
at sixteen, and volunteered in the service. He fought in the 
trenches around Atlanta as a private, was offered a place on 
Gen. Smith's staff, and was finally promoted to the position of 
Sergeant in the ordnance department. He was promoted to a 
Lieutenancy and placed on the staff of Gen. Reuben W. Cars- 
well, worked in the lead of Sherman's march to the sea, and 
when Savannah was evacuated was among the last to cross the 
pontoon bridge, and surrendered with the remnants of Johns- 
ton's shattered army. 

On his return home Mr. Belt, barely yet having reached his 
majority, entered upon agricultural pursuits, was married to 
Miss Ella Inman, and at Beltwood has a lovely home, where 
the visitor is always made welcome. He is a member of the 
Board of Commissioners of Roads and Revenues of his county. 
He has held many positions of trust, and was elected last year 
to represent his people in the General Assembly, where he has 
made an industrious, useful and popular member. 





Few men in Georgia are better known than Judson C. Clem- 
ents. A few years ago the Seventh District of Georgia was 
represented in the National Honse by Dr. William H. Felton, 
who had succeeded, as an Independent candidate, in defeating 
the Democratic nominees, among the best and strongest men 
in the district, in three campaigns. He had become to be re- 
garded as ahnost invincilile, and was reported to be the pro- 
prietor of a certain "hallelujah lick" that struck terror to the 
hearts of his opponents, and swept everything before it. In 
such a crisis, when the Democratic nomination almost went 
begging, Mr. Clements accepted it, defeated Mr. Felton and 
restored the district to the Democracy. 

JuDsoN C. Clements was born in Walker county, Georgia, 
February 12, 1846. He received a common school education 
and went to the Cumberland University Law School at Lebanon, 
Tennessee. Upon his return and admission to the bar, in 1869, 
he entered upon the practice of his profession at LaFayette, 
Walker county, where he yet lives, and has built up a large and 
lucrative practice in all that section of the State. 

In 1872 Mr. Clements first entered into politics and was 
elected a member of the Lower House of the General As8embl3\ 
His record here was so satisfactory that he was returned in 
1874. In 1877 he was elected to the Senate for the term of 
two years, and it was while serving in this body that he attracted 
the attention which gave him the nomination for Congress in 
1880. The campaign alluded to above followed, and attracted 


great interest in all parts of the State. At its close he was tri- 
umphantly elected — as stated — to the Forty-seventh Congi-ess. 
In the National House Mr. Clements made a most creditable 
record, and was returned to the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth 
Congresses, and has been re-elected to the Fiftieth Congress. 
During the last Congressional session Mr. Clements was happily 
married to Miss Dulaney, of Louisville, Ky., has a happy home, 
and is in all respects a "Representatative Georgian." 











Ill tlie past history of the State Richmond county has always 
contributed an able delegation to the councils of the common- 
wealth. The culture, refinement and abilit}' of its citizenry 
has always afforded her people ample material from which to 
select a representation that not onl}^ reflects credit upon her, 
but proves of benefit to the people of the whole State. Her 
present representatives amply maintain the prestige of the 

Of the three gentlemen who at present illustrate the old 
county in the lower House, the subject of this sketch is, if we 
mistake not, the youngest. He is native, "to the manor born," 
of the county which lionors herself and him by sending him to 
represent her. His father, Hon. Z. McCord, President of the 
National Bank of Augusta, and one of the foremost merchants 
of the city, is a native of Lincoln county, but has been for 
manj^ years identified with Augusta and all that has tended to 
her up])uilding. His palatial home, in the most charming sec- 
tion of this most beautiful city, is a veritable paradise of gener- 
ous hospitality, filled with all that can minister to the most 
cultivated taste, and redolent with that subtle air of refinement 
and chivahy that is found nowhere in such perfection as in the 
Southern cities of the olden time. The presiding {)riestess of 
this ''Castle Bountiful" is a fit helpmeet to its lord. She was 
before marriage Miss Harriet A. Walton, of the grand old 
county of AVilkes, and belonged to one of its earliest and most 
prominent families. 


In such a home, and of such a parentage, comes the subject 
of this sketch. Few men have so much for which to be envied. 
In the pure atmosphere and amid the soft, refining influences 
of the home we have described he has been born and reared, 
and, being yet unmarried, finds in the sacred precincts of the 
parental roof-tree all that can be desired. He is a worthy scion 
of the House. Educated at the University of Georgia, where 
he graduated with high honors, he for a short time engaged in 
mercantile pursuits with his father, but, his mind tending in 
the direction of the law, he studied that science at Columbia 
University, graduated with honor, was admitted to the bar, and 
entered at once upon a lucrative practice, which grows with the 
passing years. 

Mr. McCoRD is a consistent member of the Baptist Church, 
and his popularity in this denomination, coupled with his fit- 
ness for the place, made him a trustee of Mercer University. 
His zeal in educational matters attracting public attention, re- 
sulted in placing him on the Board of Trustees of the State 
University, and he is the youngest member of that body. 

In 18S6 Mr. McCord was elected to the House of Eepresenta- 
tives, leading his ticket, after a heated contest. In the House 
he has left the impress of his character, and made many warm 
friends. With a peculiarly analytical mind, forceful in his 
oratorical efforts, rising oft to the truly eloquent, he has few 
equals and no superiors on the floor of the House in debate. 
While earnestly devoted to the interests of his immediate con- 
stitutents, he has as well that broader conception which enables 
him to look away from localities to the interests of the whole 
people. His labors in the various directions in which his com- 
mittee positions have placed him have been zealous and untir- 
ing, and these combine with the excellent record he has made 
on the floor to lay the foundation of a political career the suc- 
cess and usefulness of which will only be measured by the op- 
portunities which his life may in the future present. 

ct e' 








Allen Fort, of Americus, Ga., Judge of the Superior Courts 
of the Southwestern Circuit, is the son of James Akthur Fort, 
his mother's maiden name having been Mary A. Beacher. His 
grandfather, Arthur Fort, was a brother of Hon. Tomlinson 
Fort and Judge Moses Fort, both prominent and well-known 
Georgians. His great-granfather, also named Arthur Fort, 
was a member of the first Executive Council in Georgia in 1777, 
and signer of the Constitution of 1798, and was for many years 
afterwards a State Senator. Judge Fort is descended (it will 
be seen) from a long line of prominent Georgians. 

Allen Fort was born near Lumpkin, Stewart county, Geor- 
gia, July 14, 1849. His education was begun in the common 
schools of the country, but in 1866 he went to the University of 
Georgia and graduated in 1867, sharing the first honor of his 
class with Samuel Spencer, then of Columbus, but now Super- 
intendent of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company. In 
1869 the University conferred on Mr. Fort the degree of A. M. 

After leaving college Mr. Fort settled in Americus and read 
law in the office of Judge Willis A. Hawkins, and was ad- 
mitted to the bar and commenced practice in May, 1868. In 
1872 he was elected to the Lower House of the General Assem- 
bly, and during his service passed the bill which gave Americus 
her admirable system of public schools. At the end of his term 
he declined, on account of ill-health, to be a candidate for re- 
election. In 1876 he was sent as a delegate from Georgia 
to the National Democratic Convention, which met at St. Louis 


and nominated Tilden and Hendricks, and was Georgia's rep- 
resentative on the committee to notify them of their nomina- 
tion. He performed this duty, meeting Mr. Tilden at Gram- 
mercy Park, New Yorkj and Mr. Hendricks at Saratoga. 

Before reaching home from this mission his friends had again 
put him forward for the Democratic nomination to the Legisla- 
ture. He reached home but a few days before the meeting of the 
Convention, and without time for a canvass, received the nomi- 
nation and was elected, and served in the Legislature, which 
passed and submitted to the people the ordinance calling the 
Constitutional Convention of 1877. Under the new Constitution, 
framed by that Convention, he was again elected to the Legis- 
lature and served 1878-79-80. In the Legislature of 1878-9 he 
was Chairman pro tern, of the Committees on Railroads and 
Judiciary and Chairman of the Special Committee on the Macon 
and Brunswick Railroad — framing, introducing and pressing to 
passage the bill providing for its sale. He was also the author 
of two supplemental bills authorizing payment for the road to 
be made in registered United States bonds, provided State 
bonds could not be secured, thus saving to the State a large 
amount of money. 

In this Legislature, also, came up the famous impeachment 
case of The People of Georgia vs. John W. Renfroe, State 
Treasurer. Mr. Fort was elected a member of the Board of 
Managers on the part of the House, and made the opening argu- 
ment for the People before the High Court of Impeachment. 
In this Legislature he was, also, very active in support of the 
measure of State regulation of railroads, and was the joint 
author with Mr. W. R. Rankin, of Gordon county, of the bill 
which passed the House, known as ''the Fort-Rankin bill," and 
which, with Senate amendments, is to to-day the Railroad 
Commission law of Georgia. In this work Mr. Fort was active, 
tireless and energetic, and won many encomiums upon the 
abilty with which he managed to overcome the organized and 
powerful opposition which fought the measure at every step. 


Gen. Toombs — the great tribune of the people — admh-iug the 
strength and completeness of the law, which he had numerous 
occasions to test in the courts, having himself championed in the 
Constitutional Convention the ordinance authorizing such 
legislation, wrote Mr. Fokt an autograph letter, in which he 
said: ''Our work will not die yet, if ever. The country is 
greatly indebted, to yourself especially, and other members of 
the House, for the zeal, energj'^ and abilit}' which you displayed 
in this great battle for the rights of the people against the public 
plunderers." Now that this "noblest Roman of them all" has 
passed to his reward, Mr. Fort cherishes this commendation as 
a precious memento of one of the grandest men Georgia ever 

Retiring from the Legislature at the end of his term Mr. 
Fort resumed the practice of his profession, and in November, 
1S82, was elected Judge of the Superior Courts of the South- 
westei-n Judicial Circuit, to fill an unexpired term caused by the 
resignation of Hon. Charles F. Crisp. In 1884 he was re-elected 
— without opposition — for a term of four years. On the bench 
he has made an upright, fearless and able officer. 

With all his successes, perhaps the happiest event of ]\Ir. 
Fort's life was his marriage, December 13, 1876, to Miss Floyd 
HoLLis, of Buena Alsta, Marion county, a young lady of regal 
beauty, queenly presence, brilliant intellect, and all the qualities 
of head and heart to render his home a paradise and furnish a 
never-ending inspiration for his noblest efforts. 




W. G. Brantley was born at Blackshear, Pierce countj^, Geor- 
gia, September 18, 1860, and is therefore at this writing only 
twenty-seven years of age. Few men have achieved so envi- 
able a success, or laid the foundation for a successful business, 
professional and political career, at so early an age. 

Mr. Brantley was educated in the common schools of his na- 
tive town in the elementai-y branches, until qualified to enter 
the University of Georgia, where he received the finishing 
touches of that education which stands him in such good stead 

Upon leaving the University, Mr. Brantley entered upon the 
practice of law in 1881 and was at once drawn into local poli- 
tics. He was elected Mayor in 1882, and at the end of his term 
of service was nominated and elected to the House of Represen- 
tatives in 1884. In 1886 he was nominated for the Senate from 
the Third Senatorial District, composed of the counties of 
Pierce, Appling and AVayne, to which position he was elected 
and now holds. His course in both the House and Senate has 
been such as to stamp him a fair type of the active, brainy, en- 
ergetic young Georgian now coming so largely to the front in 
public affairs. In the Senate he is Chairman of Committee on 
Banks, and a member of those on Judiciary, Education, Rail- 
roads and Lunatic Asylum. 

Mr. Brantley has been successful in the practice of his chosen 
profession, the law. He was for three years in partnership with 
Hon. John C. Nicholls, M. C, but the copartnership was dis- 
solved recently by mutual consent. Mr. Brantley is pers(mally 
a social, genial gentleman, has a charming wife and a happy 
home, and his future is one of much promise. 








I Anj^ book essaying to deal witli the public men of Georgia 
which left out the subject of this sketch would be wofully in- 
complete. Few, if anj' men in Georgia know more j)eople, or 
are more universally popular than he. Bluff, hearty and gen- 
erous, loyal to his friends always, and fighting his enemies with 
unfaltering courage and audacit}", be they personal or political, 
he has become known throughout the State. 

WiLLAiM A. Harris, of Worth county, was born in Milledge- 
ville, Georgia, in 1830. He is the eldest sou of the late Hon. 
IvERsoisr L. Harris, Judge of the Supreme Court of the State 
for many years, and one of the ablest jurists who have ever 
graced that bench. William A. had good educational advan- 
tages. He was a pupil of the celebrated C. P. Beeman, a teacher 
of State wide reputation in those days. Entered old Oglethorpe 
College at the age of thirteen, afterwards spent two years under 
Rev. T. M. CooLEY, LL. D., at Granville, Mass., and finally 
finished under the late Bishop Stephen D. Elliott, at Mont- 
pelier Springs. 

In 1846, though a mere boy, Mr. Harris left school to enlist 
in the United States Army for service in Mexico, under Henry 
R. Jackson, Colonel commanding Georgia volunteers. He was 
in Qx'^itman's division of General William Worth's brigade, 
and went through that struggle. 

Returning from the Mexican war young Harris read law in 
the office of his father, was admitted to the bar, and removing 
to Irwin county, commenced the practice of liis profession. 


Soon thereafter the county of Worth was made and the part 
taken from Irwin inckiding Mr. Harris he was elected to the 
Legislature to represent the new county. He was State Senator 
for twenty years. At the outbreak of the civil war he entered 
the Confederate service as Captain and was successively elected 
Major and promoted to Lieutenant Colonel. 

After the war Col. Harris married Miss Gussie Ford and 
settled down to the practice of his profession. His fellow-citi- 
zens, however, would again bring him into public life and he 
was sent to the State Senate. Subsequently, when his term ex- 
pired, he was elected Secretary of that body and has served in 
that capacity for seven or eight sessions, being unanimously 
re-elected at every meeting of the General Assembly without 




Yet comparatively a young man, Mr. Crisp has forged his 
way so well to the front as to be one of the most prominent, as 
well as promising of the bright, Ijrainy young men of whom 
the commonwealth hopes for so much in the coming future. 

Mr. Crisp escaped being born in America by his parents 
making a visit to England, where, at Sheffield, on the 29th of 
January, 1845, he first saw the light. Upon their return to this 
country Mr. Crisp, yet an infant, was brought to America, and 
has since been a citizen of the Republic. 

Mr. Crisp received a common school education at Savannah 
and Macon, Georgia. He entered the Confederate army in 
1861, when under seventeen years of age, and followed the flag 
of the Confederacj^ until it went down in the gloom of defeat. 
He was a Lieutenant in C'ompany K, Tenth Virginia Infantry, 
and in 1864 was made a prisoner of war and immured in Fort 
Delaware until June, 1865. 

Upon his release from prison Mr. C^risp returned to his home 
at Ellaville, Schley county, and shortly thereafter read law at 
Americus, and, completing the course, was admitted to the bar 
and commenced practice in 1866 at Ellaville, having but just 
reached his majority. 

In 1872 Mr. Crisp was appointed by Gov. James M. Smith 
Solicitor General of the Southwestern circuit, and in 1873 was 
re-appointed for a term of four years. In 1877 he was ap- 
pointed Judge of the circuit. The next year he was elected by 
the General Assembly, under the new constitution, to the same 


office, and in 1880 was re-elected for a term of four years, re- 
signing in September, 1882, to accept the Democratic nomina- 
tion for Congress. He was elected, practically without opposi- 
tion, to the Forty-eighth Congress, re-elected to the Forty -ninth 
and again chosen to the Fiftieth. 

Of his work in the National House the limits of this article 
will not allow us to speak in extenso. He was promptly recog- 
nized on that arena as a man with pronounced convictions, 
quick and sure to grasp public questions and prompt to give 
utterance to his views. He has enjoyed the esteem of his fel- 
low members, has had excellent positions on important com- 
mittees, and had much to do with shaping legislation. By 
reason of his position on the Committee on Commerce he was 
in charge of the Inter-State Commerce bill, and carried that 
measure through the House and the conference committees, 
and put it on the statute books. 

Personally Mr. Crisp is a gentleman of fine presence, and 
socially is genial, companionable, and consequent!}^ very popu- 
lar, not only among his immediate constituency, but through- 
out the State. His future is bright with promise. 








Hon. Joseph Meriwether Terrei,l was born in Greenville, 
Georgia, June 6, 1861, and is now serving his second term as 
Representative fi-om Meriwether count}' . 

Mr. Terrell is descended from excellent parentage on both 
sides, his father, the late Dr. J. E. G. Terrell, being one of the 
most skillful and popular physicians in Western Georgia, while 
his mother is the oldest daughter of Dr. J. W. Anthony, who 
was also a distinguished practitioner of medicine. His grand- 
parents all belonged to leading families of Wilkes county. Dr. 
William Terrell, formerly Congressman from Georgia, was a 
near relative. 

Mr. Terrell was educated entirely in the schools at Green- 
ville, having been for half a dozen j-ears under the instructions 
of Hon. William T. Revill, a most successful teacher. At 
school he was the youngest member in his classes, always stand- 
ing at the head of his classes, and being frequently promoted to 
the higher grades in advance of his classmates, so that at the 
age of fourteen he was a fine mathematician, an excellent Latin 
and Greek scholar. At this early age his schoolboy days ended, 
he was placed by his father in charge of a plantation a few miles 
from town. Here he succeeded well, as he has always done, 
developing a remarkable fondness for and success in agricul- 
tural pursuits. 

After five years of farm life at the age of twenty Mr. Ter- 
rell left the plantation and entered the law ofiice of Major 


John W. Park. Making rapid progress in his legal studies, he 
was admitted to the bar in February, 1882, before reaching his 
majority. At the bar his career has been a brilliant success. 
Possessing a thorough mastery of the law controlling his cases, 
gifted with a ready command of language, always forcible and 
never redundant, going at once into the merits of his clients' 
rights, and sifting the testimony so completely as to bring out 
its true meaning, he exercises a marked and controlling influ- 
ence on courts and juries. Courteous and social in the court- 
room and in the everyday walks of life, he is a favorite with 
the bar and the people. 

In 1884, when only twenty-three years of age, Mr. Terrell 
was nominated by a Democratic county convention on the first 
ballot, by more than a two-thirds vote, as a candidate for the 
Legislature. He was elected by an overwhelming majorit}^, 
and, though the youngest member of the body, was appointed 
by Speaker Little a member of the leading House committees, 
viz.: General, Judiciary, Banks and Banking, Local Bills, and 
Asylum for the Blind. At once he took a high stand as a de- 
bater and legislator, being strong, convincing and conciUatory 
in presenting his arguments, and broad, catholic and states- 
manlike in his ideas. 

Re-elected in 1886, Mr. Terrell was appointed third on the 
Judiciary Committee, also a member of committees on Banks, 
Penitentiary, the special committee to investigate the conduct 
of the convict lessees, and chairman of the important Commit- 
tee on Counties and County Matters. He takes a leading part 
in all subjects before the House, and is always heard with re- 
spect and attention. Often called to preside over the body, he 
wields the gavel with rare grace, ability and dignity. 

For one so young the subject of this sketch enjoys an ex- 
tensive acquaintance with the leading men of the State, both 
in and out of public life. Gifted, polished, affable and cultured, 
he is steadily increasing his reputation for legal ability' and 
sound, conservative statesmanship, and his friends predict that 



his State will ere long demand his services in broader and yet 
more enlarged fields of usefulness. 

In early life Mr. Terrell united with the Baptist Church in 
Greenville, and has ever taken an active interest in the affairs 
of his church and the general advancement of Christ's King- 
dom. In October, 1886, immediately after his second election, 
he was most happilj- married to Miss Jessie Lee Spivey, a lovely 
and accomplished lady. Happ}- in his domestic relations, 
honored in public and respected in private life, Hon. J. M. 
Terrell is one of Georgia's noblest specimens of a true man. 




The subject of this sketch is everywhere acknowledged to be 
one of the foremost Representatives in the National House. He 
is a sound lawyer, an able parliamentarian, a finished orator 
and debater, and a cultured and modest gentleman. 

The latter quality makes this sketch far more barren of facts 
than the author would wish. Even the official Congressional 
directory gives nothing bej^ond the mere statement that he was 
born in North Carolina, March 20, 1839, and was elected to the 
Forty-seventh, Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses, and 
has been returned to the Fiftieth. 

Previous to his election to Congress Mr. Turner was a mem- 
ber of the Georgia House of Representatives, and was chair- 
man of the Committee on Elections, and in this and other im- 
portant positions rendered valuable service to the common- 
wealth. He was a member of the Legislature that called the 
Constitutional Convention of 1877, and was a warm and earn- 
est advocate of that important measure. 

In the Forty-eighth Congress Mr. Turner was appointed by 
Speaker Carlisle chairman of the Committee on Elections, the 
same position he had held in the Georgia House. In that Con- 
gress there came up the celebrated contested election case of 
HuRD vs. RoMEis. The argument of Mr. Turner in this case 
was universally conceded by those who heard it to be one of the 
ablest ever delivered on the floor of the House. 

Mr. Turner has a charming family, is exceedingly domestic 
in his tastes, and is entirely free from any effort at displa3^ 
Personally his quiet, undemonstrative manners sometimes cause 
him to be misjudged, but his warmest friends are among those 
who have known him longest and best. 






We do not know better how to introduce this witty, erudite 
and humorous editor and abk^, energetic legislator to our read- 
ers than with the following pen picture drawn by himself: 
" Born in the lap of luxury, rocked in a cradle of ease and 
plenty, turned loose upon the stormy sea of adversity, drifting 
into the paths of dissipation and wickedness, and then awaken- 
ing to the realities of life and its duties, he swore off from most 
of his vices, and is now endeavoring to lead an honest and in- 
dustrious life, so far as the rascality of this time and age will 

Of course, though in his own words, the picture is overdrawTi, 
so far as his previous short-c3miugs are concerned, for he is and 
has always been a genial and popular gentleman, fond of life 
and gaiety, brim full of that honhomme that makes him popular 
with every one with whom he is associated, and, better than all, 
a sturdy, reliable business man. Whether leading and direct- 
ing public opinion as an editor, or, as the champion of the inter- 
ests of his constituentvS on the floor of the House of Representa- 
tives, he has shown himself capable, honest, fearless and always 

Mr. Hawkins is the son of Mr. John T. Hawkins, late of 
Walton county, Georgia. His mother was Miss Elizabeth H. 
Henderson before marriage, and daughter of Jamf^s Hender- 
son, Esq., we believe of the same place. 

He was born September 2*J, 1S49, and his boyhood days were 
spent, as those of many who adopt as a business the art preser- 


vative, in many different localities. His educational advan- 
tages were such as are usually acquired in the common schools 
of the country, supplemented by knowledge obtained in a 
printing office. 

He settled permanently in Covington, Ga., in 1859, and has 
remained there ever since, being at present the editor of the 
Enterprise, one of the best and most influential weeklies in the 
State. As an evidence of the estimation in which he is held in 
the city of his residence, he has served as a member of its Coun- 
cil, and his selection to represent his county in the General As- 
sembly over formidable opposition attests the confidence his 
people have in his ability and political integrity. A true Demo- 
crat, he maintains the time-honored principles of his party 
with pen and voice, in a manner that is felt and recognized by 
his contemporaries. 

He was married May 5, 1874, to Miss Camilla P. Cal- 
loway, daughter of Thomas P. Calloway, Esq., of Lexington, 
Ga. True as steel to his convictions of duty, with clear percep- 
tions of right and thoroughly conscientious, he is faithful to the 
trusts reposed in him, and makes a legislator useful to his State 
and of whom his constituents are justly proud and in whom 
they implicitly rely. 




Jesse R. Lumsden, the present Representative in the lower 
House of the General Assembly from the county of White, was 
born in that county, April 17, 1848. He received such educa- 
tional training in his boyhood as was afforded by the common 
schools of the country, and subsequently attended the Collins- 
wortli Institute, at Hayesville, North Carolina. 

Giving up his studies, young Lumsden entered the Confeder- 
ate army in 1864, at sixteen years of age, and was engaged in 
the battles around Atlanta. He was subsequently discharged 
on account of ill health, and in the modesty of his nature de- 
clares that he has no war record. Those, however, who par- 
ticipated with him in the arduous Atlanta campaign ai'c dis- 
posed to differ with him on this subject. 

Mr. Lumsden has, since the war and his arrival at manhood, 
pursued the business of agriculture and mining. He owns the 
famous Lumsden mine, from which some of the largest finds in 
the shape of nuggets ever taken out of the Georgia gold fields 
liave been secured. Within the last few years two nuggets, one 
weighing three hundred and seven and the other three hmidred 
and forty-one pennyweights, have been found on his place. In 
addition to these pursuits Mr. Lumsden has found time to serve 
as Slieriff of his county, and devote much time to all enter- 
prises looking to the upbuilding of his county and section. 

Mr. Lumsden was elected to the Legislature in 1886, and has 
made a i)rompt and efficient member of the House. He is on 
the committees on Mining, Agriculture, and Journals, and on 


all has performed his duties in a way to prove his fitness for 
the position to which his people have called him, and vindicate 
the wisdom of their selection. 

' Mr. LuMSDEN was married in 1873 to Miss L. N. AVilliams, a 
most charming and cultivated lady of a prominent and wealthy 
family, and has four bright children to bless his home. Per- 
sonally he is affable, pleasant and genial, and makes fi'iends of 
all with whom he comes in contact. He has not seen the last 
of political promotion, nor will this be his last opportunity to 
render valuable service to the people of his section and of the 









Georgia is remarkable for the number of young men who fill 
positions of honor and trust in the State government. Our 
people are prompt to recognize merit and ability, and, unlike 
some commonwealths, it is not necessary for a man to grow 
gray before he can realize the rewards that are the just meed 
of those who spend themselves in the service of their fellow- 

Judge Adams is an illustration of the truth of this statement. 
Though yet a young man his merit and qualifications have won 
for him a proud place among the Judicial officers of the State. 
The Eastern circuit, containing as it does many of the pro- 
foundest and ablest lawyers in the State, is rich in material fit 
to fill this high and responsible position. That so young a man 
as Judge Adams should have been twice elected to this position 
is a compliment of which any man might be justly proud. 

A. P. Adams was born in Savannah, Georgia, February 20, 
1852, and has lived there ever since. He had liberal educa- 
tional advantages, and graduated at the University of Georgia 
in 1869. He read law, was admitted to the bar, and began 
practice in January", 1870. After the adoption of the con.stitu- 
tion he was elected to the lower House of the General Assem- 
bly, and represented Chatham county in 1877, 78 and '79. 
Upon the impeachment of W. L. Goldsmith, Comptroller Gen- 
eral, before the General Assembly, in 1879, he was elected one 
of the managers on the part of the House in that historic trial. 


and made one of the arguments for the people before the High 
Court of Impeachment. 

In November, 1882, Mr. Adams was unanimously elected b}^ 
the General Assembly Judge of the Eastern circuit, to fill the 
unexpired term of Judge W. B. Fleming, and at the end of 
this term was unanimously re-elected for the full term. He has 
made an exceptionally strong and able officer, and given uni- 
versal satisfaction in the discharge of the onerous duties of his 
position. He is unmarried. 




Few of the younger men in the General Assembly, and there 
are many of rare gifts and much promise, have made a more 
useful and valuable member of the House of Representatives 
tlian Hon. Thomas J. Chappell. He is a thinker and worker, 
rather than a talker, but is not without facility in the ex- 
pression of his views upon questions with whicli he is familiar, 
and he does not obtrude them upon any others. He is thor- 
oughly familiar with the rules and precedents governing the 
conduct of the business of the House, and possesses the happy 
faculty of knowing the thing to be done and how to do it. The 
])ent of his mind is toward the practical, and in this direction 
lies his value as a representative. 

Mr. Chappell is a native of Muscogee county, which he now 
in part represents, his colleague being Hon. W. A. Little, the 
Speaker of tlie House, and is a son of Hon. Absalom H. Chap- 
pell, a prominent and well-known citizen of Columbus, liis 
mother, previous to her marriage, having been a Lamar. Mr. 
( 'happell received his education in primary schools and at the 
l^niversity of Georgia, shortly after leaving which he entered 
upon the practice of law in Columbus, which he continues to 
follow with success. In local politics Mr. (Jhappell has been 
more or less active, but sought no political preferment for him- 

In 1884 he was first elected to the House of Representatives, 
and served through the two"'sessions of that body. He was 
chairman of the Committee on Enrollment, a most onerous and 


responsible position, and discliarged its duties with marked in- 
dustry and fidelity. In 1886 he was returned, and in the 
present House is chairman of the important Committee on 
Railroads, as well as a member of several others. In the dis- 
charge of the duties devolving upon him on all these he is 
careful, painstaking and untiring, and is rendering his con- 
stitutents and the State at large valuable service. 

Mr. Chappell is an exceedingly modest gentleman. A 
sample of it is found in his reply to a request for his picture to 
accompany this sketch. He said: '' I have no likeness of my- 
self, and those I have had in the past are so severely just that 
they would add nothing to the pictorial feature of your work." 
He is social and genial in his personal intercovirse with his 
friends, courteous and even-tempered even in the heat of de- 
bate, generous to a fault, and, of course, popular with all who 
know him. Although never forward in pressing his claims, his 
people know his worth and appreciate his ability, and the 
future has higher honors yet in store for him. 







Perhaps no man in Georgia of his age has a wider circle of 
acquaintances in the State or more warm friends than the sub- 
ject of this sketch. Genial and social in liis nature, true in his 
friendships, companionable and pleasant always in his inter- 
course with those among whom he may be thrown b}^ official 
duties or business intercourse, he is universall}^ and deservedly 
popular among all classes of his fellow-citizens. 

Mr. Cabaniss is the son of Hon. E. G. Cabaniss, a prominent 
citizen of Middle Georgia. He was for many years Judge of 
the Superior Courts of his circuit, and was elected, after the 
war, a member of Congress, but was not allowed to take his 
seat, on account of the Reconstruction acts. His wife, the 
mother of the subject of our sketch, was, before marriage to . 
Judge Cabaniss, Miss Sarah Chipman, of Elbert county. 

H. H. Cabaniss was educated at the University of Georgia, 
at Athens, graduating in the noted class of 1869, with Judge 
Emory Speer, B. H. Hill, Jr., Hon. Howard Van Epps, and 
many other distinguished young Georgians, who have since 
made name and fame in the history of the State. Mr. Cabaniss 
defrayed the expenses of his education by his own personal 
efforts, and in the same way has worked out his own career, 
and achieved a success in life as enviable as it is creditable to 
the energy and perseverance of the man. 

He was the editor and proprietor of the Monroe Advertiser, 
one of the ablest weekly papers in Georgia, from 1875 to 1882, 
when he sold that enterprise to take a position in the Franklin 



Printing House, of Atlanta, with the Christian Index. He re- 
tained this place until a few months since, when, in connection 
with other gentlemen, he purchased the Atlanta Journal, of 
which he is the Business Manager. 

In 1879 he was chosen Assistant Secretary of the Senate, and 
has held that position continuously up to the present, making 
a popular, efficient and painstaking officer. In 1870 he was 
married to Miss Sallie Royston, has three children— two girls 
and one boy — and his home is the abode of modest luxury. 
He is a consistent member of the Baptist Church, a synonj-m 
of strict integrity in his dealings, and has before him as promis- 
ing a future as any man of his age in the State. 





Martin Luther Mauney was born in Cherokee county, North 
Carolina, December 4, 1856. He left the Old North State in 
his boyhood, and settled in Union county, where he has since 
resided. He received the rudiments of an education in his 
native county, but after he came to Georgia he attended the 
North Georgia Agricultural College at Dahlonega, and there 
prepared himself for teaching, which profession he followed for 
some time with pronounced success. 

In 1881, Mr. Mauney was chosen by his fellow-citizens Clerk 
of the Superior Court, and served in that office for two years, 
making an excellent record. In 188(5, he was selected b}' the 
Democratic party as their standard bearer in the Legislative 
campaign against a strong Republican opponent, and was 
elected bj* a handsome majority-. He has made an efficient 
and useful member of the House, discharging with promptitude 
and fidelity all the duties of his position. 

Mr. Mauney is the son of S. Mauney, and his mother before 
marriage was Miss Hill, a daughter of F. W. Hill, Esq., and 
his parents are yet living in Marion county beloved and 
respected hy their neighbors. Both are members of the Baptist 

The subject of our sketch was married January 26, 1882, to 
Miss Ella H. McCombs, of Cherokee county, North Carolina. 
They have two daughters and one son. Mr. Mauney is domes- 
tic in his tastes, and is possessed of a cheerful nature, and 
many social traits which make him quite popular among his 




John W. Maddox, the present Judge of the Superior Courts 
of the Rome Circuit, was born in Chattooga county, Georgia, 
June 3, 1848. He is the son of Dr. G. B. T. Maddox, and his 
mother before marriage was Miss Sarah A. Dixon, of DeKalb 

Before reaching manhood, at the outbreak of the civil war 
the subject of this sketch volunteered in the Sixth Georgia 
Regiment and served throughout the war. His father's prop- 
erty all swept away by the war, and he dying soon after, the 
care of three younger Ijrothers and a sister devolved upon 
young Maddox. Manfully and uncomplainingly he entered 
upon the task. Devoting himself to agricultural pursuits for a 
time he eventually entered upon the study of law, and was 
admitted to the bar and began practice. 

In 1878 Mr. Maddox was Mayor of Summerville and declined 
a re-election at the end of his term, refusing also a candidacy 
for the Legislature which his friends urged upon him. He 
served in 1879-80 as a Commissioner of Roads and Revenues 
of his county. In 1880 he was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives, having consented to run at the urgent request of 
his friends. His record was so satisfactory that at the end of 
his term he was re-elected. In 1884 he was nominated and 
elected to the Senate from the Forty-second District. 

During his legislative career Mr. Maddox was an energetic 
and untiring worker, and distinguished himself as an exception- 
ally strong debater, deep thinker, and fearless champion of that 


which commended itself to his judgmeut. In 1886 he was, 
after a spirited contest, elected to his present position over one 
of the ablest and most popular judges in the State, and is 
making a fine record as a Judicial officer. 

Judge Maddox was married August 15, 1872, to Miss Bettie 
Edmondsox, and has growing up around him sons and daugh- 
ters to bless and brighten the happ}' home in which by reason 
of his strong domestic tastes Judge Maddox takes great delight. 
He is a sample of the rising self-made young men of Georgia, 
and his success simply shows what can be accomplished in the 
face of disadvantageous circumstances by brains, energy, and 
tireless industr3^ 





Daniel N. Smith, son of D. N. and Mary Griswold Smith, 
and the present Senator from the Twenty-first Senatorial Dis- 
trict, composed of the comities of Wilkinson, Jones and 
Twiggs, was born in Jones county, October 5, 1851. He is a 
fair sample of the men who rise by their own exertions to posi- 
tions of honor and trust and usefulness in the world. 

Mr. Smith has not had the advantages of collegiate training, 
nor was he born with a silver spoon in his mouth. His educa- 
tion, so far as books go, was acquired in the common schools of 
the community. This he has supplemented by a wide range of 
reading, and the absorption by this process, and contact with 
the busy duties of life, has given him a store of wisdom which, 
while it may not be classical, is yet extremely practical, and 
within easy reach of his ready and active mind whenever he 
finds occasion to use it, either in private or public affairs. 

Mr. Smith, having been reared on a farm, has made that the 
business of his life, and has been successful in this calling. So 
completely has he devoted himself to his home affairs that he 
has never before sought public office. His fellow-citizens, how- 
ever, know and appreciate his sound sense, practical knowledge 
and political consistency, and so when he became a candidate 
for his present position, although with strenuous and powerful 

* Since the above sketch was written Senator Smith has passed from life to the 
great beyond, thus ending a career that promised to be long and useful. The 
sketch is left in the book, as a feeble tribute by the autlior to the worth of the 


opposition, they rallied about him, and gave him a handsome 

In the Senate he was placed on the Committees on Internal 
Improvements, Agriculture, Lunatic Asylum, Academy for the 
Blind, and Engrossing, and has made a vigilant, active and 
painstaking member, and his record will compare favorably 
with that of any of his colleagues. 

The father of Senator Smith represented the same district in 
the Senate twentj- years ago, and his brother, Hon. Madison G. 
Smith, represented his county in the lower House a few years 
since. In 1874 Senator Smith was married to Miss Lillian C. 
Stubbs, and they have one child, a son, named in honor of his 
grand-father, Edgak B. Smith. Mr. Smith is a genial, social 
gentleman, and has made manj^ fi-iends in public life. 





Hon. W. F. Jenkins was born in Sumter county, Georgia, 
March 26, 1845. His mother and father were born, reared, and 
were married in Putnam count}^, but soon after their marriage 
removed to Sumter county, and there the subject of this sketch 
first saw the light. They remained there for several years, 
during which time Mr. Jenkins represented that county in the 
Legislature, but returned to their native county, Putnam. 

J^dge Jenkins descends from illustrious families, on both 
sides. His maternal grand-father, Irby Hudson, was for a 
number of years Speaker of the Georgia House of Representa- 
tives, and was also at one time a State Senator. He was each 
time elected from Putnam county. His maternal grand-mother 
was a Flournoy, descended from the old Virginia family of 
that name. 

Judge Jenkins had early and excellent educational ad- 
vantages, but while pursuing his studies the tocsin of war 
startled the land. Laying down his Latin and mathematics, he 
entered the Confederate service as a private in June, 1861, 
when but sixteen years of age, and served through the war, 
surrendering with Lee's hungry and ragged veterans at Appo- 
mattox. He was a member of the Putnam Light Infantry, 
Twelfth Geoi-gia Regiment, Army of Northern Virginia, and 
followed the immortal Stonewall Jackson on all his famous 
marches. He was wounded four times — twice at Slaughter 
Mountain, and twice, severely, at the second Manassas. The 
two latter wounds disabled him for active service in the ranks, 


and he afterwards 'served as ordnance Sergeant of Dale's 
brigade, commanded, after the death of that officer, by gaHant 
Phil Cook. 

Returning from the war, Mr. Jenkins resumed his studies, 
and, after thorough preparation, went to the University of Vir- 
ginia, where he took the full law course, two years, and received 
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Returning home, he was ad- 
mitted to the bar, September, 1868, and entered at once upon 
tlie practice, in which he has amassed a reasonable competence. 

In 1872 Mr. Jenkins was elected to the House of Representa- 
tives, and served in the sessions of 1873-4. He was again 
chosen, and served in 1884—5, in both of which services he 
made an excellent record. At home he took a warm interest 
in local affairs, and was for several years chairman of the 
Board of Countj' Commissioners, held several minor offices, and 
acted as chairman of the County Democratic Executive Com- 
mittee. He was elected Judge of the Ocmulgee Circuit in Ko- 
vember, 1886, for a term of four years from January 1, 1887. 

Judge Jenkins was married to Miss Leila Hood, of Wood- 
lawn, Webster county, May 11, 1870, a most gifted and ac- 
complished lady, a graduate of Furlow Female College, and 
also of Yassar. The union has been blessed with three chil- 
dren — two sons and a daughter. He is a member of the Bap- 
tist Church, in which he is a deacon, and holds to the good old 
rule, " Pay up as you go up, and pay down as you come down," 
never having bought anything on credit in his life. He is mak- 
ing a fine record on the bench. 




William L. Peek, of Conyers, Rockdale county, Senator 
from the Twenty-seventh District, was born in Newton, now 
Rockdale county, July 31, 1837. His father before him, yet 
living, in the enjoyment of a green old age, was a farmer, and 
the son follows in his footsteps, and has made a success of the 
business of agriculture. 

Mr. Peek enjoyed only such educational advantages as were 
afforded by the common country schools. He entered the Con- 
federate army at the outbreak of the civil war, and served 
through to the end of that terrible struggle as a private soldier. 

After the war he returned to agricultural pursuits, to which 
he gave his entire attention for a number of years. Finally 
his fellow-citizens drew him from his retirement, and sent him 
to represent them in the lower House of tlie General Assembly. 
His record was so satisfactory that he was twice re-elected to 
the House, serving in that body for six years. He was then 
elected to the Senate, without opposition. 

In the Senate, as in the House, he has always taken high 
grounds on all public questions, and has made a most credit- 
able record as a careful, conscientious and painstaking repre- 
sentative of the interests of the people. Modest and retiring, 
making no effort at display, nor seeking to use his position as a 
stepping-stone to further personal ambitions, he has contented 
himself always with the performance of the duty that lay 
nearest to him to the very best of his ability. In religion he is 
a Presbyterian, and is a strong prohibitionist, from principle. 




He was married to Miss Susan Smith, February 20, 1861, and 
seven cliildren have been born to tliem. He has a happy home: 
an interesting- family, and is surrounded by the comforts of 
life. Social in his nature, his intercourse with friends is unaf- 
fected, open and disengenuous, and he enjoys the esteem and 
confidence of all who know him. 








At the opening of the Fiftieth Congress, Hon. H. H. Carlton 
will take his seat as Representative from the Eighth Georgia 
District. Though new to Congressional life Capt. Carlton is 
a veteran Legislator, and has made an honorable name and 
fame throughout his State. 

At the outbreak of the late civil war Capt. Carlton was a 
physician in active practice, but answering promptly his coun- 
try's call, laid down the scalpel to take up the weajjons of 
offense and defense, and entered the Confederate service as 
Lieutenant of the famous Troup Artillery. He was soon 
elected Captain of the battery. He was successively tendered 
commissions as Colonel of Cavalry, Major of Artillery, and 
Surgeon with the rank of Major, but declined them all to 
remain w ith his command. Throughout the long and arduous 
struggle he served with the men who had honored him by 
making him their leader, surrendered with them, and came 
home when they did. He bears upon his person the marks of 
the wounds which attest his loyalty to country and to duty. 

For a time after the war Capt. Carlton essayed the prac- 
tice of his old profession, but compelled by wounds and ill 
health to give up medicine, he entered journalism in 1872, and 
for six years was the editor and proprietor of the Athens Ban- 
ner. In the same year in which he entered journalism he was 
elected to the General Assembl}^ from Clarke county and served 
continuously in the House of Re[)resentatives until 1877. He 
was offered the Speakership of that body but declined it, and 


was made Chairman of the Finance Committee and Speaker 
pro tern, in 1877. During his service in the House Capt. Carl- 
ton introduced and passed the bill providing for a geological 
survey of the State, and rendered much other valuable service 
to the State and people. 

Retiring of his own volition from the House at the end of 
his term Capt. Caklton entered upon the practice of law, for 
which he had been preparing himself for several years. In 
1884 his fellow-citizens of the Twenty-seventh Senatorial Dis- 1 1 
trict elected him to the Senate, and he was chosen the presiding 
officer of that body. At the conclusion of his term he was 
solicited by many friends to make the race for Governor, but I 
declined to do so, preferring to make the race for Congress in 
his own district. 

In 1886 he received the nomination for Congress in the 
Eighth District, and was elected to the Fiftieth Congress. His 
term will expire March 3, 1889. 







Georgia is peculiarly fortunate in the number of young men 
wlio in the last few years have forged their way to the front in 
all the professions, industrial enterprises and political contests 
in the State. They are men of high ambitions, noble purpo'fees, 
indomitable energy, and are among the most potent forces that 
are to-day pressing the State forward toward the proudest place 
in the Southern galaxj' of grand and noble commonwealths. 

Ranking among the first of these is the subject of this sketch, 
Richard Brevard Russell. Mr. Russell, though an old legis- 
lator, this being his third term in the House, is yet a young- 
man, being less than twent^^-seven years of age. Mr. Russell 
has a lineage to be proud of. His father, Mr. William J. Rus- 
sell, is a native of Libert}' county, whose ancestors came over 
in the Mayflower. His mother, formerl}^ Miss Harriet 
Brumby, is a descendant of the French Huguenots, and is the 
grand-daughter of Ephraim Brevard, the author of the Meck- 
lenburg Declaration of Independence. Her father, Prof. R. T. 
Bruiniby, made the investigation of the Alabama coal fields, 
which has resulted in the Avouderful tale of Southern progress 
now told every day, and was for fifteen years professor of 
geology and chemistry in the I'niversity of Alabama, and for 
nine years in the University of South Carolina. 

Mr. Russell received his education at the University of 
Georgia, which he entered in 1870, having been prepared there- 
for by his mother. He graduated with the second honor of a 
remarkably able class in 1879, with the degrees of A. B., B. 



Ph., and LL. B. Of college honors as debater in his societies, 
and other distinctions, he received a large number. Entering 
at once upon active business life, he was for two years associate 
editor of the Athens Chronicle, and left this to commence the 
practice of law in 1880, which profession he still follows, with 
pronounced success. He was for a time associate editor of the 
Banner- Watchman, but gave it up to devote his entire time to 
his profession. 

In the General Assembly Mr. Russell has, in all his three 
terms, been an active, energetic and painstaking Representa- 
tive. He secured in 1884 a $5,00(J appropriation for the Uni- 
versity, passed a free-school bill for Athens, gave them a vote 
on .prohibition, and chartered a street car line, now in success- 
ful operation, as is the free school system which he inaugurated. 
In the present house he is chairman of the Committee on 
Banks, and a member of those on Railroads, General Judiciary, 
Education, Penitentiarj^ and Rules. He has always been a 
strong friend to education, and is a member from the city at 
large of the Athens Board of Education. 

Mr. Russell, was married May 13, 1883, to Miss Minnie 
Tyler, of Barnesville, Georgia. She was a gifted and beauti- 
ful woman, keenly appreciative of her Ijrilliant young luisband 
and loyally attached to him and his interests. Earth has held 
few brighter pictures than their home life painted on the can- 
vass of the years, but January 6, 1886, she was called hence, 
and the wing of woe hung low its sable sliadow athwart the 
hearthstone at which he had found his purest and sweetest 
pleasures and highest inspiration., 

It is the fashion in these days to say of men that tliey are 
self-made, but this can l)e said of a truth of the subject of this 
sketch. He has earned every dollar he has ever had. and fought 
his own way to the front. He was far the youngest member of 
the General Assembly of 1882, being barelj^ twenty-one when 
elected. His success in politics has been phenomenal. In his 
last race he beat the combined opposition of two factions in 


his eoiiuty b}' a round majority, and has never been defeated 
in any contest before the people. 

Personally Mr. Kussell has most winning manners, a charm- 
ing presence, and many social gifts. Few men are more popu- 
lar among their associates. A fluent, graceful, and eloquent 
speaker, and well equipped in the knowledge of public affairs, 
a long; and useful career stretches before him.. 





Among tlie popular young bachelors of the present House of 
Representatives the subject of this sketch takes a foremost 
rank, and is withal a practical, level-headed, painstaking legis- 
lator, who looks faithfully after the interests of the constitu- 
tency which honored him with their suffi'ages. 

Thomas Crawford Gibson was born - in Warren county, 
Georgia, December 28, 1855. He is the second of a family of 
six sons born to Cicero Gibson, his mother, previous to her 
marriage, having been Miss Adkins, a daughter of Mr. Aaron 
A. Adkins, a prominent and popular citizen. Both were con- 
sistent memi)ers of the Methodist Church. Mr. Cicero Gibson 
was honored by his fellow-citizens with a seat in the Legisla- 
ture in 1861 and 1862, and now his son occupies the same posi- 

Mr. Gibson was sent to school first to Augusta, and subse- 
quently to Athens, where he graduated in 1875, taking the agri- 
cultural medal. In 1876 he entered upon farming operations, 
which he has followed with energy and made a success. He 
makes an independent living, lays by something for a rainy 
day, and is in all respects a fair sample of the educated, intel- 
ligent young farmei'S of the new regime in the Sunny South. 

In i)olitics Mr. Gibson is, and has alwaj^s been, true to Demo- 
cratic faith and principles. In 1871) he was commissioned 
Notary Public and ex-officio Justice of the Peace. He was a 
member of the County Board of Education in 1882, and was 
County School Commissioner in 1884, giving much time and 



labor to the cause of education, of which lie is a strong advo- 
cate and ardent champion. He won his present seat over two 
strong opponents, there being no party nominations. 

In the House he is on the Committees on Education, Agri- 
culture, Enrollment, Emigration and Journals, and is prompt 
and industrious in the discharge of the duties they impose. He 
is a young man of sound judgment, strict integrity, and is an 
honor to his count3^*and State. 








In nothing is Georgia, the Empire State of the South, greater 
and her future more promising than in the number, character 
and ability of the young men who must, in the nature of 
things, come in a few years to manage her affairs and control 
her destiny. Among those for whom the near future has in 
store high honors and important trusts is the subject of this 

Hon. Farish Carter Tate, son of William and Mary M. 
Tatj:, was born in Pickens county, Georgia, November 20, 
1856. He grew up, as most country boys, busied about the 
labors of his father's farm, and incidentally thereto received 
such educational advantages as were aftbrded by the country 
schools in the neighborhood. Subsequently he went to college, 
and graduated in 187<S, and immediately thereafter entered 
upon the study of law in the office of Hon. Hiram P. Bell, at 
dimming, Georgia. He was admitted to the bar in 1880, and 
entered upon the practice at Jasper, Pickens county. 

But law was not the only thing he studied while under Col. 
Bell's roof. The fair daughter of his preceptor, Miss Julia 
BelL; enslaved the heart of the young student, and while he 
learned Blac^kstone he learned love as well, and the year after 
his admission to the bar, November 2, 1881, they were united 
in marriage, as handsome and happy a couple as ever plighted 
troth. One son. Master Howard Tate, now three years of 
age, has l)lessed the union. 



In 1882 Mr. Tate first entered politics, and was elected to ■ 
the House of Representatives, lias been twice re-elected, and is 
now serving his third term. In 1882 he was a member of the 
General Judiciary Committee, and also a member of those on 
Railroads and Penitentiary. In 1884 he was on the same com- 
mittees, being chairman of that on Railroads, and in the present 
House is chairman of the Special Judiciary, and serves also on 
others of importance. 

Mr. Tate has been active, both in local and State politics. 
He was a member of the State Democratic Executive Commit- 
tee 1882, '83, '84, '85, and rendered valuable service to his party 
in this position. He is a forcible speaker, sometimes impetuous, 
always earnest, but courteous to an opponent, and makes hosts 
of warm and enthusiastic friends wherever he goes. His father 
and uncle are the owners of the celebrated Pickens county 
marble quarries, and Mr. Tate is financially assured of a suf- 
ficiency of this world's goods to satisfy any reasonable man. 
Personally he is a handsome man. Six feet tall, weighing 
nearly two hundred pounds, with dark hair, eyes, and brown 
mustache, in the full flush of a perfect manhood and unim- 
paired health, he is a commanding figure that would attract 
attention anywhere. With unquestioned ability, earnest de- 
votion to the work in hand, and princely social traits, it is no 
wonder that he should be one of the most popular members of 
the present House. 








At the assembling of the Fiftieth Congress among the new 
members who will take a seat for the first time in the House of 
Eepresentatives will be the subject of this sketch, Hon. Thomas 
W. Grimes, of Columbus, member-elect from the Fourth Geor- 
gia District. If he does not make a record that shall be credit- 
able to the intelligent constitutency which has chosen him to 
represent them he will belie all the past history of the man. 

Thomas W. Grimes is a native Georgian, to the manor born, 
having first seen the light in Greene comity. He received his 
education, primarily, in the country schools, subsequently at- 
tended Emory College, and the X'niversity of Georgia, gradu- 
ating from the latter institution. He served as a private soldier 
in the Confederate army during the last eighteen months of the 
war between the States. 

After the war Mr. Grimes read law, and was admitted to the 
bar of the Chattahoochee circuit, and commenced the practice 
of his profession at Columbus, Muscogee county. His first po- 
litical office came to him in 1<SG8, when he was elected a mem- 
ber of the Georgia House of Eepresentatives, and served dur- 
ing the sessions of 1868-9. He was again elected to the same 
position, and served in 1875-(). In the latter year, a misunder- 
standing growing up between him and his colleague on a local 
measure regulating the whisky traffic in the county, and in- 
volving the old Algerine law requiring a property qualification 
for voters, Mr. Grimes resigned his scat in the House, remand- 
ing the question to the people. After only a three-days' can- 


vass he was re-elected over two opponents, by a large majority 
over both, his people thus endorsing the position he had as- 

Upon the conclusion of his term in the House Mr. Grimes 
was nominated and elected to the Senate, and served in that 
body in 1878-9. In 1880 he was elected Solicitor General of 
the Chattahoochee circuit by the Legislature for a term of four 
years, and was re-elected, without opposition, in 1884 for an- 
other term, but resigned in July, 1886, to accept the Democratic 
nomination for Congress, which he had received over several 
competitors. After a spirited contest against an Independent 
he was elected to the Fiftieth Congress, having defeated his op- 
ponent in every county in the district. He has ahead of him 
a future that any man of his age might well envy. 








Tliough quiet, modest and unobtrusive, any one acquainted 
with the personnel of the House of Representatives would put 
the subject of this sketch among the foremost of the prom.ising 
young lawyers of that bodj'. 

Mr. Gamble was born at Louisville, Jefferson county, Geor- 
gia, May 20, 1851. He had fine educational advantages, going 
to school in his bojiiood to William Strong Loavery, in Louis- 
ville; Hon. W. J. NoRTHEN, at Mt. Zion, Hancock county, and 
subsequently to Richard Malcom Johnson, author of " Dukes- 
borough Tales" and "Old Mark Langston," both while he 
taught near Sparta, Georgia, and at Baltimore, Maryland. He 
entered the junior class at the State University in 1869, and 
graduated in 1871 in a class with R. L. Berner, T. J. Chappell 
and Edgar A. Simmons, all prominent members of the present 
House, as well as a number of other gentlemen in all parts of 
the State. 

Upon the completion of his college course Mr. Gamble com- 
menced the study of law in the office of William Hope Hull, 
and was admitted to the bar in Augusta the latter i)art of 1882. 
In Januarj^, 1883, he located in Louisville, his childhood's 
home, and commenced the practice of his profession. 

In 1874 he was appointed by Gov. James M. Smith Judge of 
the County Court of Jefferson county, but was too young to 
hold the office. He was afterwards appointed County Solicitor 
by the Governor, and held that office until 1880, when he was 
elected Solicitor General of the Middle circuit, and held the 


office for four years, and did not seek re-election at the end of 
the term. 

In 1886 Mr. Gamble was nominated by the Democracy of his 
county for the Hou^e of Kepresentatives, and after one of the 
most heated contests ever known in the county, against wealthy 
and powerful opponents, who ran an independent ticket, was 
elected by a handsome majority, and lias made an able and 
popular representative. 

Mr. Gamble is the son of Hon. Roger L. Gamble, Sr., a 
prominent citizen of Jefferson county, and for manj^ years a 
resident of Augusta. His mother was a daughter of Hon. 
James P. Gobert, whose father was a French Consvil at 
Charleston, South Carolina. Mr. Gamble was married a few 
years since to Miss Fannie Hunter, of Louisville, an accom- 
plished and popular young lady of high family, and has a de- 
lightful home, in which he takes great pride and delight. 




Hon. A. P. AVoFFORD. Senator from the Thirty-third Sena- 
torial District of Georgia, Avas born April 15, 1844, in Banks 
eonnt}', Georgia. The years of his boyhood and young man- 
hood were spent at the home of his birth, being occupied with 
such pursuits and pleasures as usually fill the days of ovir boys 
and 3'oung men. 

His father being in good financial circumstances young AYof- 
FORD enjoyed the advantages resulting from a collegiate train- 
ing, having been educated at the Baptist College located in 
Cassville, Tennessee. Being possessed of a strong mind, which 
had been well cultivated, occupying an enviable social position 
among the j'oung men of his county, he looked forward to a 
career of usefulness and honor. 

But he was not permitted to enter upon it at once. Keturn- 
ing home from college he saw that Georgia was in arms against 
a powerful foe, and, acting according to the dictates of his 
patriotic nature, he shouldered his musket and for four long 
years the Confederacy knew no better soldier than he. If the 
march was long or the danger great, he could place aside all 
thought of self and enter uncomplainingly upon the duties 
which his country demanded. But Avars, like all other human 
things, must end. and when the sun of the Confederacy had 
set in gloom and defeat upon the proudest people the world 
has ever known. Mr. Wofford accepted the results of the 
contest and went to work to make for himself a habitation 
and a name. Nature had given to him a splendid constitu- 


tion, which his four years' service seemed to have impaired but 
little, and this, in connection with an indomitable will, gave 
him the lever power with which to work out success. 

In 1868 he moved to Cartersville, Georgia, and began the 
practice of law. Here he lived until 1884, during which time he 
added to his reputation as a lawyer and financier. For four 
years he was honored with the Mayoralty of Cartersville, and 
the era of prosperity which characterized the city in all its 
departments bear ample proof of his executive ability. 

Senator Wofford was married July 4, 1870, to Miss Lula E. 
Parrott, daughter of Judge J. R. Parrott, a distinguished 
jurist of Cartensville. Their union has proved a happy one, 
and eight children, four boys and four girls, have been given 
them to make home happy and to cause them to feel that they 
have something for which to live and labor. 

In politics Mr. Wofford has always been a Democrat, and 
upon thoroughly democratic principles he was elected to the 
Senate in 1886. During the session of 1886 he represented his 
people with ability and devotion. His seat was rarely vacant, 
and from the great interest which he took in all affairs pertain- 
ing to his section his people may know that their interests are 
in safe hands. He is a member of the Special and General Ju- 
diciary, Financial and Railroad Committees, and has given 
abundant evidence of his ability to grapple with all kinds of 
questions pertaining to State legislation. 




There hardly hves in Georgia to-day a man more universally 
popular than Judge Hutchins. Gifted with all the social traits 
that endear men to each other in honorable intercourse, blessed 
with a genial nature, alwaj^s cheerful, companionable and ap- 
proachable, he is a favorite wherever known. He comes of a 
noble lineage, his father, who bore the same name, being a dis- 
tinguished lawj^er and politician, and holding for many years 
the position now so ably filled by his son. His mother was a 
daughter of Hines Holt, Sr., at one time Treasurer of the 
State of Georgia. 

Judge Hutchins was born at Lawrenceville, Gwinnett county, 
Georgia, October 4, 1835, graduated at Emory College, entered 
upon the study of law, and was admitted to the bar just before 
the breaking out of the civil war. He laid down briefs and 
books, and entered the service as First Lieutenant in the Six- 
teenth Georgia Regiment. He was promoted to the Captaincy 
of his company, again to Lieutenant Colonel, and with this 
rank was placed in command of the Third Georgia Battalion 
of sharp-shooters. He served with conspicuous gallantry in all 
these positions, and at the bloody battles of Malvern's Hill, 
Crampton's Gap, Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, Gettj'sburg, 
Knoxville, Wilderness, Cold Harbor, and in all the fearful con- 
tests around Richmond, was ever at the post of duty. He was 
thrice wounded in the battles of Sharpsburg and the Wilder- 
ness, and received a fourth in a skirmish on the north sid(^ of 
the James river, when (Jrant sj)rung the Petersburg mine. Tu 


April, 1865, just before the surrender, he was captured and 
confined at the old capitol prison, Washington, and Johnson's 
Island, until July, 1865, when he was released on parol. 

In 1876 Judge Hutchins was elected to the lower House of 
the General Asseml)ly, and was re-elected in 1877. He was 
chairman of the Finance Committee of the latter House, in 
which capacity he rendered valuable service to the State. Re- 
tiring from politics at the end of his term, he devoted himself 
entirely to the practice of his profession until 1882, when he 
was elected Judge of the Western circuit by the Legislature, 
without opposition. He was re-elected by the present General 
Assembl}^, again without opposition, for a term of four years, 
which will expire January 1, 1891. 

Judge HuTCHiNs is a Director of the Georgia Railroad, and 
is in comfortable circumstances. He was married March 29, 
1866, to Miss Carrie Orr, of Lawrenceville, and has a happy 
home and a charming family. 




Endowed with sound judgment, and a clear active mind, 
possessing energy and ability. Banks county has reason to con- 
gratulate herself upon her able representation in the House at 
the hands of the subject of this sketch. 

Mr. CoGGixs was born in Gilmer count}^, Georgia, March 8, 
1847, and is the sixth in a family of ten children of Mr. J. T. 
CoGGiNS, formerly of Gilmer but now a resident of Canton, 
Georgia. His mother was Miss Elizabeth King previous to 
her marriage, and was a native of North Carolina. 

Mr. Coggins volunteered in the Confederate army during the 
war between the States, and bore his full share in that teiTible 
struggle. Returning home he entered upon and followed agri- 
cultural pursuits until 1870 when he entered the mercantile 
line, and followed that business until within a year or two 
since when he was forced to retire on account of ill health. 
He was educated in the public schools. Starting in life with- 
out a dollar he has been so successful in his enterprises as to 
amass a reasonable competence. 

Mr. Coggins was married in 1867 to Miss Marcjaret J. Fow- 
ler, who after havmg borne him a family of five lovely children 
died in June, 1886, leaving a shadow of gloom upon the lovely 
home in which he had installed his loved ones. He has been 
a citizen of Banks county since 1876, and has always been a 
public spirited and popular citizen. In the last campaign he 
had as opponents a Republican and an Independent candidate, 


he being the regular Democratic nominee, and was elected by 
a handsome majority. 

During the last session of the General Assembly, though 
prosti'ated part of the time by illness, he found time to do 
valuable work in the several committees of which he is a mem- 
ber and took a keen and unflagging interest in all matters of 
legislation affecting the welfare of his people and the State at 





Hon. W. W. Thomas, of the city of Athens, is the junior 
member of the Commission. He was born in Athens, Georgia, 
on tlie 21st of Maj\ 1849, and has resided there the greater 
portion of his life. He received his education at the University 
of Georgia, and graduated from that institution in 1868. In 
the following year he took the degree of Civil Engineering, and 
for several years engaged in the pursuit of his profession. He 
was engaged in nearly every important survey made in North- 
ern and Northeast Georgia during that time, and by much 
practical experience became one of the most expert civil engi- 
neers in the South. 

In 1875 the Southern Mutual Insurance Company, that grand 
old institution of which everj^ Georgian is proud, made to him 
a proposition which induced him to abandon his profession and 
enter its service as assistant secretary and adjuster of losses by 
fire. For the past ten years he has filled these positions ably 
and well. He is efiicient, and his untiring energy and the 
business-like manner in which he performs the duties of his 
ofiice make his services almost indispensible. 

Mr. Thomas also enjoys the distinguished honor of having 
been the youngest Trustee of the State University ever ap- 
pointed. He was married in the month of January, 18G8, to 
Miss Brown, an accomplished young lad} , the adopted daugh- 
ter of the late Gov. Charles J, Jenkins, and the grand-daugh- 


ter of Gen. Jacob Brown, at one time Commander-in-Chief of 
the United States army, and has three bright and interesting 

Prior to his appointment as a member of the Capitol Com- 
mission Mr. Thomas had never served in any official capacity, 
except as a member of the Board of Trustees of the State Uni- 
versity. His appointment as a Commissioner was a complete 
surprise to him, as it was to the other members. He was not 
an applicant, and the first intimation of his appointment was 
sent to him by telegraph. It is understood that he was ap- 
pointed on the score of his technical knowledge of the manner 
in which the work of building a new capitol was to be done. 
On this account he is an invaluable member of the Commis- 
sion, entering into his work zealously and with the best inter- 
est of the State at heart. 

t^ ;--#-a^^Mwi^W.^W^"^^p--: "^^^ 



(JJui^^'ru^ ^oujyi->4 




In this volume of brief pen pictures of Georgia's representa- 
tive men now in public life this sketch of its author would not 
appear did the task of writing it and the responsibility of pub- 
lishing it devolve upon him. A friend has assumed the duty 
of preparing it, and though conscious of his inability to discharge 
it satisfactorily to himself or the public he, in cdmmon with Mr. 
Ham's many friends, insists on its admission. 

Hexry AVllkes Jones Ham was born in Burke county, Ga., 
July 3, 1851. His father, John D. Ham, was a native of the same 
county, and though a man of limited means, and in humble cir- 
cumstances, he was noted for his many estimable traits of charac- 
ter, prominent among which was his devotion to the tenets of 
the Baptist Church, of which he was long a consistent member, 
and his faithful adlierence to Democratic principles, as taught by 
Jefferson and held and expounded by Calhoun. His mother 
was IVIiss C. S. A. Davis, by birth a ISTorth Carolinian ; she was 
also a devoted member of the church to which lier husband be- 
longed. Being an only child, Mr. Ham was sedulously guarded 
by his fond parents from evil communications and carefully 
trained to fear God. With such examples and precepts con- 
stantly impressed upon him, as was to have been expected, he 
has strictly adherred to the church in which he was brought up. 
In those days educational facilities were limited, and the sub- 

*For this all too partial sketch the compiler is indebted to his friend, Hon. J. 
H. Butt, tlie editor of the Gainesville Ea'jh;. 



ject of our sketch only went to school about eighteen months, at 
odd times, between the 7th and 18th years of his age. 

The balance of his early life was spent at hard work on the 
farm. Naturally bright, intellectually, and ambitious to rise in 
the world, he made such good use of his brief time at school and 
the few books that fell in his way, that by the time he reached 
early manhood he had fitted himself for admission to the bar, 
which profession he followed some four or five years. His 
tastes, however, were decidedly literary, and from 1874 to 1881 
he devoted himself to journalism and was during that time con- 
nected with several leading newspapers in this and other States. 
His fluent, gracefiil and attractive style made him considerable 
reputation as a writer, while his versatility of genius, constant 
flow of humor and sparkling wit, won for him the respect, ad- 
miration and warm friendship of his contemporaries and 

He retired from journalism in 1881 and engaged in other pur- 
suits. He was journalizing clerk of the House of Representa- 
tives during the session of 1877. In 1882, '83 and '84, he held 
the office of Messenger of the National House of Representa- 
tives. Since then he has resumed the practice of the law, but 
the trend of his mind being still in the direction of literary pur- 
suits, he devotes much of his time to public speaking, particu- 
larly on literary and moral subjects, to extensive miscellaneous 
reading and to frequent contributions to the press. 

Being a Democrat of the strictest school, well informed on 
political affairs and skilled in party management, the people of 
his county in order to avail themselves of such valuable services 
as he was so well calculated to render them elected him to the 
present General Assembly. From his first entry into the House 
of Representatives he has held a high position and is regarded 
as one of the most efiicient and useful members of that body. 
His constituents are satisfied with the manner he has repre- 
sented them, as his course as a legislator is equally as honor- 
able to them as it has been creditable to himself. 




On November 13th, 1878, Mr. Ham was happily married to 
Miss Anna E. Cook, in Jefterson county, Ga. Their union has 
been blessed with five bright and promising children — Lillian 
Eliza and Anna Lucille, girls, and Walter, Jones and 
Lamar, boys. Domestic in his habits, he makes a model hus- 
band and father, and finds his purest joj^s around his own 
hearthstone and in the bosom of his o^\^l family. 

Socially Mr. Ham is generous, affable, witty and always enter- 
taining, and makes a fine impression on all whom he meets. 
Taken all in all he is a fine specimen of a representative 




Unless present indications fail of their legitimate fruition, 
and his record should entirely belie present premise and the 
history of the name he bears, Georgia and the country are des- 
tined to hear much in the future of the young gentleman whose 
name heads this sketch. 

The author of these biograpliies has studiously avoided any- 
thing that might savor of extravagant encomium, and in his 
anxiety to have the work free from cheap clap-trap and multi- 
plicity of commendatorj'^ adjectives, has perhaps erred in the 
other direction, and made it painfully matter-of-fact. It will 
be understood, therefore, that when we say that Mr. Bkown 
will not owe whatever he may achieve in the future to the fact 
that he is the son of Judge James R. Brown, or the nephew of 
Senator Joseph E. Brown, but to his own genius, application, 
studious habits and personal energies, we but voice the convic- 
tions formed from a more or less intimate acquaintance with 
the subject of our sketch. 

We can imagine few things more embarrassing to an earnest, 
ambitious and self-reliant young man than to have the shadow 
of a famous lineage and connection continually dwarf his own 
personality. "I am only the son of Stephen A. Douglass," 
said the scion of that nature's nobleman, almost with bitter- 
ness, "and whatever I may do or be my own effort is over- 
shadowed by his name." 


And so it is witli earnestness and sincerity of conviction that 
tlie writer records the fact that the subject of our present sketch 
woukl be what he is, and achieve what he will, were his 
ancestry unknown to fame. 

George R. Brown was born at Roland Springs, Bartow 
county, Georgia, November 13, 1861. He received first a 
primary school course at Canton, Cherokee county, the home 
of his father. Judge James R. Brown, and entered the North 
Georgia Agricultural College, at Dahlonega, in 1878. After a 
year here he entered the University at Athens, Georgia, in 
1879, and, keeping up his studies during the full course in that 
institution, graduated in the famous class of 1881. 

Leaving college with the honors of that alma mater, he entered 
upon the study of law in the office of his father, completed the 
course, and was admitted to the bar November 14, 1882, just 
one day after reaching his majority. Five days afterward, 
t3-wit, November 19, 1882, he was married to Miss Fannie 
McAfee, of Canton, Georgia, thus acquiring his profession and 
a wife in one and the same week, and fitting himself to meet 
and grapple with the problems of life. Two children are the 
fruits of the union. 

Entering at once upon the practice of his profession, Mr. 
Brown devoted himself with unflagging energy to that jealous 
mistress, the law, until 188(i, when, at the solicitation of his 
fellow-citizens, he became a candidate for the Senate. After a 
warm primary canvass, his opponents all having withdrawn 
and left him a clear field, it was discovered that at the date 
when the election would take place he would be too young, by 
ten days, to be eligible to a Senatorial seat. Upon the an- 
nouncement of this fact his fellow-citizens of his own county 
sent him as their representative in the lower House. 

In that body he has made a quiet, undemonstrative, but 
industrious and energetic member. Gifted with genius, the 
polish and suaviter in modo of the scholarly gentleman, and the 
charm and grace of the orator, he is yet modest and retiring in 


his nature, and does not court notoriety by artificial methods. 
These qualities, supplemented by a classical education and a 
wide and comprehensive reading, give him a mental equipment 
equalled by few men of his age in the State. Should he live to 
work out his destiny he will be heard from in the coming 







Augustus M. Foute was born in Roane county, East Ten- 
nessee, November 16, 1838, and is the sixth child of William 
L. Foute, a native of Dandridge, Jeflterson county, Tennessee, 
an industrious farmer, staunch Democrat and exemplary mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church, a combination that never fails 
to produce a good citizen. His mother's maiden name was 
Martha L. George, a daughter of Samuel George, of Louis- 
ville, Blount county, Tennessee. 

Mr. Foute was reared on his father's farm, received a com- 
mon school education, and was graduated at Ewings- Jefferson 
C'Ollege. After completing his course he entered upon mercan- 
tile pursuits, but gave them up to enter the army, and was 
mustered in on Independence Day, July 4, 1861, and went 
through the four years of the war between the States. From a 
private in the ranks he was promoted to the Adjutancy of the 
Twenty-sixth Tennessee Regiment, and left his right arm on 
the bloody field of Kennesaw Mountain, July 22, 1864. 

Unable at the close of the war to follow manual labor, he 
taught school while preparing himself for the bar, to which he 
was admitted in Fulton Superior Court in April, 1868. He at 
once commenced the practice of his profession at Cartersville, 
Bartow county, which has since been his home. 

Mr. Foute lias filled numerous important county offices in 
his county, and in 1886 was elected one of the Representatives 
from his county to the lower House of the General Assembl}'^, 
his colleague being Hon. William H. Felton, formerly a mem- 


ber of Congress from the Seventh District. In the House Mr. 
FouTE has made an industrious, painstaking legislator, and in 
committees and on the floor has had an eye single to the wel- 
fare of the people, not only of his own county or section, but 
the entire State. 

In 1875 Mr. Foute was married to Miss Laura Anderson, a 
daughter of Mr. O. D, Anderson, now a prosperous merchant 
of Apopka City, Florida. They have an interesting family of 
three daughters and one son, and their home in the beautiful 
little city of Marietta is a gem, in its way, in which happiness 
and comfort reign supreme. 




Gen. E. P. Alexander was born in the year 1835, at Wash- 
ington, Georgia. At the age of twenty-two he graduated at 
West Point, and it was there that he learned to such perfection 
the science of warfare by which he became so distinguished as 
an artillery officer in the late war. He served in the United 
States Engineer Corps as instructor in engineering at West 
Point, on the Utah expedition, and in California and Washing- 
ton Territory until 1861, when he entered the Confederate army 
as Captain of Engineers, and served on the staifs of Gens. 
Beauregard, Joseph E. Johnston and Lee until November, 
1862, and as Colonel of Artillery until February, 1864, being 
then promoted to the rank of Brigadier General of Artiltery in 
Longstreet's corps until the surrender at Appomattox in 1865. 

He served with great distinction throughout the war, and 
was rapidly promoted for gallant service rendered in the thick- 
est of many a hot-fought and bloody field. The same dis- 
tingu^ished abilities which he so signally displayed upon the 
battlefield have marked his career in the quieter but no less 
victorious fields of civic life. The exercise of his commanding 
abilities has been mostly confined to extensive railway enter- 
prises and their management, as a brief review of his employ- 
ment since the war will show. 

In 1866 he was elected to the chair of mathematics and engi- 
neering in the University of South Carolina, and filled that 
position until 1869, when he resigned, and a year later became 
President of the Columbia Cotton Seed Oil Mill. 


In 1871 he was elected Superintendent of the Charleston, 
Columbia and Augusta Railroad, 

In 1872 he was elected President of the Savannah and Mem- 
phis Railroad. 

From 1875 to 1878 he was General Manager of the Western 
Railroad of Alabama. 

From 1878 to 1880 he was President of the Georgia Railroad 
and Banking Company. 

From 1880 to 1882 he was Vice President of the Louisville 
and Nashville Railroad. 

In 1887 he was elected President of the Central Railroad of 

He is a member, by appointment, of the United States Com- 
mission on Pacific Railroads. 

Gen. Alexander is a type of the true Georgia gentleman, 
and is the personal friend of almost every public man in the 
State. His services as a Commissioner have been important, 
and his opinions upon all matters which come before the Board 
are the outcome of the most thoughtful investigation. 




Hon. A. L. Miller was born in Richmond county, Georgia, 
near Augusta, on the sixth day of November, 1848. The 
greater portion of his youth was spent in the vicinity of Au- 
gusta and Charleston, in both of which cities some of the most 
distinguished citizens are his relatives. He graduated at the 
South Carolina College in 1869. On attaining his majority he 
removed to Houston county, where he completed his law 
studies, and was admitted to the bar in Perry, in 1871. In 
1872 he located in Fort Valley, where he engaged in the suc- 
cessful practice of law. Col. Miller represented Houston 
county in every term of the Legislature from 1876 until 1882, 
when he declined a re-election. 

He is regarded as one of the most brilliant and clear-headed 
men in Georgia, and occupies a high place among the dis- 
tinguished men of the State. He is of the average height, and 
is finely proportioned. He has a rather fair complexion, dark 
hair and eyes, and he usually wears a small moustache and 
goatee. There are few handsomer men than Col. Miller to be 
found in Georgia. He has a more than ordinarilj^ distinguished 
appearance, and in a body of men would naturally attract the 
eyes of an observer. He has always been an earnest Demo- 
crat, and the Democracy of his county and State have always 
found in him a faithful friend, and earnest advocate of its 
principles and a wise counselor in all its (!onditions. Much of 
his life lias been devoted to hard study, and he is one of the 
l)est informed men on law. State history, State and national 


politics and on general topics to be found in Georgia. He is 
modest and retiring in his manner, and, in the common ac- 
ceptation of the term, has never " pushed " himself, but has 
risen to his present enviable position as a public man wholly 
and entirely on account of his merits and high personal quali- 

He was married October 26, 1876, to Miss Katie D. Hurt, a 
daughter of Mr. Joel Hurt, of Edgewood, near Atlanta. He 
has three children, who brighten his plantation home near 
Perry, Georgia. 

He was selected as a Capitol Commissioner on account of his 
peculiar fitness for the place. He made considerable reputa- 
tion as a member of the Finance Committee of the House of 
Representatives, and rendered, during his entire service as a 
legislator, eminent services as a member of this committee. 
Such a man deserved appointment on the Commission of which 
he is a valuable member. His friends predict for him a still 
more brilliant connection with the future history of the State. 








Hon. Hiram Warner Hill, of Greenville, Meriwether 
county, was born July 18, 1858, near Greenville. He is the 
second of nine children of Mr. A. F. Hill, a successful planter 
and prominent citizen of the county. His mother was the 
daughter of the late Hon. Hiram Warner, for many years 
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Georgia, for whom the 
subject of this sketch was named. 

The boyhood days of Mr. Hill were spent on his father's 
farm in the emplojanents incident to the life of a farmer's boy. 
Part of the time he attended the common schools of the coun- 
tiy. In 1877 he entered Emory College, Oxford, Georgia, and 
remained until 1879, when he left to take charge of a flourish- 
ing school near Liberty Hill, Heard county. Having deter- 
mined, however, to make the law his profession, he gave up this 
position at the instance of his grandfather, Judge AVarner, and 
entered the law school of Harvard University, which he 
attended 1880-81, and was admitted to the bar in November 
of the latter year. He entered upon the practice of his profes- 
sion at Greenville, and has since devoted himself to it with 
gratifying success. 

Mr. Hill was a member of the State Democratic Convention 
which nominated Hon. Alexander H. Stephens for Governor, 
and again when Hon. Henry D. McDaniel was nominated. 
He takes an active and prominent interest in the local politics 
of his county. In 1880 he was elected to the lower House of 
the General Assembly over several popular and worthy com- 


petitors. Owing to a long and severe illness he was not present 
in the sessions of the last House except for a few days when 
the body first met. 

Mr. Hill was married September 24, 1884, to Miss Lena 
Harris, the youngest daughter of Hon. Henry R. Harris, 
then a member of Congress from the Fourth Georgia District, 
but now Third Assistant Postmaster General of the United 
States. Miss Harris was a charming and accomplished lady, 
and now blesses and brightens the home of the talented young 
Representative from Meriwether. 









AViLLiAM Yates Atkinson, son of John Pepper Atkinson 
and Theodora Phelps Atkinson, was borii at Oakland, Meri- 
wether county, Georgia, November 11, 1854, the year of the 
family's removal from A'^irginia, the home of his ancestors since 
before the Revolutionary war. His great-grandfather, John 
Atkinson, came from Ireland. He is of Scotch and Irish 

Mr. Atkinson is one of four brothers, T. A. Atkinson a law- 
3'er and ex-representative from Meriwether county, T. E. 
Atkinson, and R, J. Atkinson, prominent and successful busi- 
ness men, being the other three. In 1880 Mr. Atkinson was 
married to Miss Susie Cobb Milton, a granddaughter of Ex- 
Governor John Milton of Florida, and a daughter of Hon. 
AV. H. Milton, a distinguished lawyer of that State. Mr. 
Atkinson has three children, John Pepper, Lucy Belle, and 
William Yates, Jr. 

Mr. Atkinson completed his education at the University of 
Georgia where he graduatcid in 1877, and in 1878 located in 
Newnan, Coweta county, Georgia, and entered the practice of 
law. Within six months after commencing practice Mr. At- 
kinson was ai)pointed by the Governor C-ounty Solicitor. His 
ability, energy and eminent success in this office attracted pub- 
lic attention and promptly brought him a large and lucrative 
practice. He is a talented public speaker, strong advocate, and 
a well read successful lawyer. He is a man of strong personal 


attachments, and in politics, preferring to be Warwick to King, 
has devoted most of his efforts to the advancement of his 

The present is the first office he ever asked of the people, 
and in the nominating convention composed of one hundred 
and thirty-three delegates, he received the votes of one hun- 
dred and nine on the first ballot. 

In the present House Mr. Atkinson is Chairman of Com- 
mittee on Internal Improvements, and member of those on 
General Judiciary, Banks and Banking, and Privileges and 
Elections,, on all of which he has done splendid work. He 
takes an active part in the debates in the House, is a vigorous 
thinker, and a potent factor in shaping legislation. He is 
lucid, logical and eloquent, generally deliberative, but at times 
as nervous in thought and impetuous in delivery as Curran. 




Among the best and truest, as well as among the bravest men 
in Georgia, is General Philip Cook, the "old war-horse'' of 
Sumter. He is the senior member of the Commission, and his 
long experience in public affairs peculiarly fit him for the posi- 

General Cook was born at his father's plantation, in Twiggs 
countj'^, Georgia, twelve miles below Macon, in the year 1817. 

His father. Major Cook, was an officer in Eighth United 
States Infantry, and was stationed for a long while at Fort 
Hawkins, near Macon, in the year 1812, and Major General 
Twiggs, who at the beginning of the late war was the oldest 
officer in the Federal army, was a young captain in Major 
Cook's regiment at that time. 

The greater portion of the early years of General Cook's life 
was spent on a farm, but at the age of sixteen was sent to the 
University of Virginia, where he devoted himself to his studies, 
chief among which was that of law. 

After spending four years at the university he returned home 
on account of the death of his father. 

In 1840 he commenced the practice of law in Forsj'tli, having 
as his partner Colonel Zack Harmon, a distinguished lawyer of 
that period. After three years of successful practice in his pro- 
fession, he left Forsyth and purchased a farm in Sumter county, 
near Americus. 

Shortly after his removal to Americus he was elected to 
represent Sumter county in the Senate. At that time each 


county in the State had its own Senator, and Gen. Cook voted 
to have the number of senatorial districts reduced — -first to 33 
and then to 44. Gen. Lawton was a member of the Senate at 
that time, and he and Gen. Cook are supposed to be the only 
survivors of that Senate. 

At the beginning of the war General Cook belonged to a vol- 
unteer military company in Macon county. He entered the 
Confederate service with his company in 1861, and was mus- 
tered in by Senator Joseph E. Brown and Col. Jack Jones, at 
Augusta. There were about twenty companies of soldiers in 
Augusta at the time and they were organized into the Third 
Georgia regiment, under command of Col. Eanse Wright, and 
the Fourth Georgia regiment under Col. Dole. General Cook's 
compau}^ was assigned to the Fourth Georgia regiment, which 
went at once to Norfolk. 

After the company had been in the service a short while 
General Cook was appointed Adjutant of his regiment. He 
made a good soldier, and after the seven days' battle around 
Richmond he was, upon the recommendation of all except one 
officer in the regiment, appointed to the office of Lieutenant 
Colonel. This was done in recognition of his personal bravery 
displayed upon the battlefield. It will be observed that he was 
promoted from the position of Adjutant to that of Lieutenant Col- 
onel, a matter wliich is regarded as quite a distinguished honor. 
After the promotion of Col. Doles, General Cook was made 
Colonel of the regiment, and when Col. Doles, then Gen. Doles, 
was killed at Manassas, General Cook was, upon the endorse- 
ment of Generals Early, Rhodes and others, promoted to the 
position of Brigadier General. He took part in all the principal 
battles engaged in by the Army of Northern Virginia. At Mal- 
vern Hill he was severely wounded in the body. At Chancel- 
lorsville he was wounded in the leg, and all the physicians 
(with the exception of Dr. Philpot, of Talbot county, and Dr. 
Etheridge, of Putnam,) advised amputation. The two phy- 
sicians nientioned, however, thought they could save the limb. 


and his case was turned over to them, and they were successful 
not onlj" m saving the General's life, but in causing the wound 
ito heal and amputation was not necessarj'. He was also 
wounded at Petersburg, and was left on the field and captured 
by the enemy. He was then sent to prison, where with other 
officers he was detained until the last day of Jul}', 1865, when 
he was paroled. 

Upon his return home he was elected to the constitutional 
convention of 1865, and voted for the constitution adopted by 
that convention. 

He was elected to represent the Third Congressional District 
in the -l:2d Congi-ess, but was denied the right to his seat under 
the then existing constitution of the United States. His politi- 
cal disabilities, however, were removed by the general amnesty 
act of 1872, and he was elected to and took his seat in the 43d 
Congress. He afterwards served in the 44th, 45th, 46th and 
47th Congresses. 

In 1859 the death of his estimable wife occurred, and he 
never married again. He has two children, the oldest of whom 
is Mrs. Lucy Peel, of Atlanta. The youngest child is a noble 
son, who bears his distinguished father's name. He also 
resides in Atlanta. • 

General Cook's war record is one of whicli any man in either 
army might well be proud. On going into battle he was always 
at the head of his command, and his men were read}' to foll(jw 
wherever he led the way. He had several horses killed 
beneath him, and when in close quarters he often used his 
revolvers with good effect. 

He occupies a position among the most highly esteemed citi- 
zens of Georgia, and his place in the Capitol Commission could 
not have been filled by one more patriotic and painstaking. 




The subject of this sketch, Hon. Thomas M. Norwood, of 
Savannah, is one of the best known men in Georgia. For 
many years one of the foremost members of the bar of a State 
distinguished for its judiciary and the eminent talents of its 
legal profession, he has filled high trusts with such conspicuous 
efficiency and ability as to mark him one of the representative 
citizens, lawyers and politicians of the Empire State of the 
South. ^ 

Thomas M. Norwood, at present a member of Congress fi'om 
the First District, was born in Talbot county, Georgia, April 
26, 1830. He received an academic education at Culloden, 
Monroe county, and subsequently graduated, at the age of 
twenty, at Emory College, Oxford, Georgia. Having studied 
law, he was admitted to practice upon attaining his majority, 
in 1852, and in March of that year removed to Savannah, 
where he has since resided and practiced his profession. 

In 1861 Mr. Norwood was elected to the Legislature, the 
first political office held by him, and served a term of two 
years. He took an active part after the war in every election 
for President, and in 1868 and 1872 and 1876 made speeches 
at many places throughout Georgia. In November, 1871, he 
was elected by the General Assemblj^ of Georgia United States | 
Senator for the term of six years. His seat was contested by 
Foster Blodgett, in which contest he was successful, and was 
awarded his seat December 19, 1871, and served out liis term, 


which expired March 3, 1877. In 1874 he delivered his famous 
civil rights speech, which brought him a national reputation. 

At the end of his term he was defeated for re-election, after 
a long and spirited contest before the Legislature, by Hon. 
Benjamin H. Hill, and remained in retirement until 1880, 
when, the State Democratic Convention having adjourned 
without making a nomination, he became a candidate against 
Gov. Colquitt. The contest was an exceedingly exciting one, 
and Gov. Colquitt was re-elected. 

In 1884 Mr. Norwood was nominated for Congress from the 
First District, and defeated Pleasant, Republican, by a ma- 
jority' of nearly 5,000. In the House he has taken high rank, 
and during the Forty -ninth Congress made a speech in reply to 
an attack upon the South by Mr. Henderson, of Iowa, that was 
pronounced by many the equal of his famous speech above 
alluded to. In debate he is humorous, sarcastic and eloquent. 
Personally he is gifted with many social traits that win and 
hold strong friends. He has been re-elected to the Fiftieth 
Congress without opposition. 




W. H. Harrison is the oldest son of Burwell R. Harrison, 
deceased, and was born and raised in Lumpkin, Stewart county, 
Georgia. In 1858, at the age of fifteen, he was appointed to 
the United States Naval Academy, by tlie late Judge Martin 
J. Crawford, who was at that time a member of Congress 
from the then Second District. He remained at Annapolis un- 
til March, 1860, when he resigned on account of the death of 
his father, and returned home and went into the business of 
keeping books for Boynton & Chamberlin, merchants, then 
located at Lumpkin. When the war came on young Harrison 
raised a company of boys and entered the service as First 
Lieutenant of Company E, Thirty-first Georgia Regiment. He 
was promoted to the Captainc^^, and served under Col. Clement 
A. Evans, in Lawton's (afterwards Gordon's) brigade. He 
served and took part in all the campaigns in Virginia fi-om the 
battle of Coal Harbor, June 27, 1SG2, to that of Monacaey, 
Maryland, July 9, 1864, where he was wounded in the side and 
left in the hospital at Frederick, Maryland. Subsequently he 
was carried to Fort McHenry, thence to Fort Delaware. He 
remained a prisoner of war until June 19, 1865, when he was 
paroled and sent home. Soon after his return home he was 
elected Clerk of Stewart Superior Court, and served one term. 
In 1869 he was admitted to the practice of law, and opened an 
office at his old home. He was sent to the Legislature in 1878, 
and during the sessions of 1878-9 represented his constituents 
faitlifully, serving on the Judiciary, Local and Special Bills, and 


Printing Committees ; also, as chairman of the special com- 
mittee to investigate the public printing. 

During the Forty-sixth Congress Mr. Harrison served as 
Clerk of the Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds, of 
which Commissioner Philip Cook was chairman. He served 
the committee in a most acceptable manner, and l)rought with 
him on his return to Geoi-gia the plaudits of those with whom 
he had come in contact. 

In 1880-81 and in 1882 he was Assistant Clerk of the House 
of Representatives, under Col. Mark Hardin, and performed 
his duties well. When Gov. McDaniel was made Governor he 
appointed Mr. Harrison Clerk of the Executive Department, 
which position he now fills, performing the duties of minute 
and warrant clerk. He is also Secretary of the Capitol Com- 
mission, in which position he has rendered valuable service to 
the Commission and the State. 

Capt. Harrison is fortj-two years old, five feet eight inches 
high, weighs 158 pounds, and has dark hair and eyes. He was 
married in 1869 to Miss Clara Rockwell, of Lumpkin, who 
presides over his household, " doubling his joys and his cares 

He is the father of three bright boys, aged fifteen, thirteen 
and seven years, and one daughter aged ten. 

From 1872 to 1882 Capt. Harrison was proprietor and editor 
of the Lumpkin Indejiendent, and in every campaign battled 
manfully for the Democracy and her nominees. 

Since he has been acting in the capacity of Secretary of the 
Commission he has performed his duties in a most thorough 
and satisfactory manner. The compilation and .publication in 
book form of the action of the Commission during the first year 
of its existence was a laborious work, requiring careful thought 
and exactneas. He performed it in a most creditable manner, 
and with the method and regular order which seems to be a 
part of his life. 




He is well educated, and is accused of having upon the tip 
of his tongue as many statistics as are usually contained in the 
average census report. Being a most admirable conversation- 
alist, and full of anecdotes, he is a most agreeable companion, 
and enjoys the friendship and high esteem of a large number 
of friends, not only in Atlanta, but among the public men of 
the State, with the personnel of which no man is more familiar 
than he. In the discharge of his official duties he is polite and 
accommodating, often going out of his way to oblige those with 
whom he comes in business contact. He is a favorite with all 
the State House officials and department clerks. When Gov. 
Gordon came into office he retained Capt. Harrison, and the 
public service has no more capable or efficient officer than the 
subject of this sketch. 








It is one of the proudest boasts of the American system of 
government that the highest station is open to tlie humblest 
citizen. Here, as uowhere else in the world, is proven the 
truth of the lines : 

"It is not rank, or birth, or state, 
But noble deeds that make men great." 

No finer illustration of the possibilities of American citizen- 
ship can be adduced than that of men, who, coming up from 
the lowest walks of life, fi-om the forge, and the plow, and the 
mechanics' bench, rise by dint of labor, and toil, and energy, to 
occupy the highest positions and wear the highest honors of an 
appreciative people. 

The subject of the present sketch is a case directly in point. 
Hon. Parnell James Franklin was born in Thomas count}-, 
Georgia, in 1858. His father was a farmer, poor in this world's 
goods, and as soon as he was large enough young Franklin 
was put at work on the farm and went through all the labor 
and drudgery incident to such a life. Under the circumstances 
of course educational advantages were few, and the boy, thirst- 
ing for knowledge and anxious to acquire it pored over his 
l)Ooks l\y night, and at such other times as he could snatch "from 
the monotony of his daily employments on the farm. Finally 
a way was opened and he was sent to school for a while at 
Thomasville and took a course at the South Georgia College. 


He was studious, thoughtful and fired with an honorable ambi- 
tion to be something better than the common herd, and hence 
made the most of his meagre educational opportunities. 

At the close of his school days Mr, Franklin taught school 
for a year, devoted some little time to mercantile pursuits, but 
having fixed his eye on the bar as the goal of his ambition, used 
other employments merely as means to an end and finally 
found himself admitted to the bar and his life-work fairly open- 
ing out before him. He has devoted himself to his profession 
with that ability, energy and tenacity that compels success, and 
has a large, lucrative and constantly growing practice, by which 
he has amassed a reasonable share of this world's goods and is 
now in easy circumstances. He had strong opposition for his 
present seat, but was elected by a handsome majority. 

In the House Mr. Franklin has been noted for his strict 
attention to every detail of legislation, nothing escaping his 
watchful eye, and the careful and painstaking manmer in which 
he performs every duty to which he is assigned. He is a mem- 
ber of the Committees on Special Judiciary, Education, Banks, 
and Privileges of the Floor. At least three of these are busy 
Committees and the duties are onerous. Mr. Franklin never 
misses a meeting and whenever he speaks it is at once appa- 
rent that he has given careful study to the subject in hand. 

He was appointed chairman of the special committee to 
devise a Savings' Bank system for the State, and has bestowed 
much thought and labor upon the question and hopes to pass 
through tlie present Legislature a law that will meet all de- 
mands of the case. The importance of a practical law on this 
subject cannot be over estimated. 

Mr. Franklin also has a bill pending to print all bills in the 
General Assembly, and have the same read only twice, thus 
saving much time and a heavy expense to the State. It is in 
such practical common sense lines as these that he finds most 
congenial fields for the exercise of his talents. 


Personally modest and unobtrusive, Mr. Franklin is yet easy 
of approach and social and genial with his friends. The wi'iter 
has had the pleasure to become intimately associated with him 
in the labors of the committee room and on the floor, and is 
gratified to be able to thus bear testimonj^ to the modest worth 
of this truly self-made man. 




C J. Wellborn, Judge of the Superior Courts of the North- 
eastern Circuit, was born in Union county, Georgia, in 18.36. 
He received a common school education. In 1858 he was 
appointed State Librarian by Hon. Joseph E. Brow^n, when 
that gentleman became Governor. He read law while occupy- 
ing this position and was admitted to the bar in 1859. He was 
commissioned Captain of State troops by Governor Brown and 
as such served in the Confederate army. 

In 1867 he was elected Senator from the Fortieth District as a 
Democrat, and served out his term in that body. In 1873 he 
was appointed by Governor James M. Smith Solicitor General 
of the Blue Ridge Circuit, but resigned that position in 1874. 
In 1873-4 he was Assistant Secretary of the Senate. 

Upon tlie creation of the Northeastern Judicial Circuit in 
1881 he was elected Judge and held that position until 1883, 
when he was succeeded by Hon. John B. Estes. In 1886 he 
was again elected Judge for a term of four years commencing 
January 1st, 1887. 

On the bench Judge Wellborn has made an enviable record 
as a patient, painstaking, fearless and upright officer, and is an 
ornament to the judiciary of the State. 








Paul Faver, son of Mr. John Faver of Fayette county, and 
]\[artha a. Faver, formerly Lumpkin, and the present Senator 
fi'om the Twenty-sixth Georgia District, was born in Oglethorpe 
county, September 2, 1845. 

Few men in the Georgia Legislature have made more friends 
than Dr. Faver. Genial, whole souled, generous and social, 
he attracts strangers at once, and an acquaintance once begun 
ripens by reason of the sterling qualities of the man into a 
lasting friendship. Consequently, as much by reason of this 
happ3^ faculty, as well as by his ability and earnestness in 
whatever he undertook, he acquired a widespread influence 
among his colleagues both in the Senate and House, and ])t'r- 
forms valuable service not only for his immediate constituents 
but for the State at large. 

Notably is this the case in his efforts in l)ehalf of the unfor- 
tunate class whose misfortunes make them inmates of the State 
Lunatic Asylum. Dr. Faver is Chairman of the committee 
on this institution and has been zealous and untiring in his 
efforts to secure such legislation as will in his judgment pro- 
mote the comfort and welfare of the inmates. Likewise on the 
Penitentiai-y Committee he is the same zealous advocate of all 
reforms that tend to the amelioration of the condition of con- 
victs, and the carrying out in a just and humane manner the 
sentences of the law. 

Dr. Faver was educated partially at the Georgia Military 
Institute, at Marietta, and left that institution upon Siier- 


man's invasion of Georgia and served with distinction as Lieu- 
tenant of Cadets until the close of the war. Since then he has 
read medicine, and adopted the practice of that profession in 
which he has achieved a pronounced success. He has never 
had anything to do with politics on his own account until the 
canvass for his present seat in which he was victorious b}' a 
handsome majority. Dr. Faveb is as yet unmarried, and our 
artist has given us in his portrait above some slight idea of 
how handsome a man he is. 




Joseph Rucker Lamar, one of the able delegation fi'om the 
county of Richmond in the present House of Representatives, a 
son of Rev. Joseph S. Lamar, was born in Ruckersville, Georgia, 
in 1857. He enjoyed fine educational advantages, having 
attended the State LTniversity at Athens, Bethany College, West 
Virginia, and AVashington and Lee University. Being of quiet 
habits and a studious mind he made the most of his opportuni- 
ties, and no man of his age in the State surpasses him in the 
completeness of mental equipment for the duties of life. 

After leaving college, having determmed to make the law his 
profession, he entered upon the study, mastered it and was 
admitted to the bar in 1880. He formed a copartnership with 
Hon. H. Clay Foster, of Augusta, whicli has continued up to 
the present time, and the firm is one of the most popular, suc- 
cessful and prosjierous in that city, noted for the exceptional 
brilliancy and ability of its bar. 

It goes without saying that in politics Mr. Lamar is a Demo- 
crat of the straightest sect, else he would not be the Representa- 
tive of Richmond county in the General Assembly. Though 
never having before held office Mr. Lamar has been always a 
close observer of political affairs, and loyal to his party affilia- 

Mr. Lamar was elected to the General Assembly, the first 
officie he has ever held, in 1880, over strenuous opposition. In 
the House and on the Conunittees on Railroads, (Jeneral Judici- 
ary and Banks, he at once took liigh rank as a careful, conser- 


vative and able legislator. Few new members have made so 
many friends or rendered more valuable service to the State. 
Personally he is modest and unobtrusive, almost to a fault, yet 
firm and unyielding in his convictions when his mind is made 
up. He is courteous and polished in manner, and has generous 
social endowments and graces, that make him a prime favorite 
with all who know him. 

Mr. Lamar was married in 1879 to Miss Pendleton, a 
daughter of Dr. W. K. Pendleton, the President of Bethany 
College, West Virginia. Two manly boys are the fruit of the 
union. Young, talented and amply equipped for the battle of 
life, the future holds forth much promise, and his friends predict 
for him a career of honor and usefulness in the service of his 








Robert J. Powell, of Barnesville, Pike count}", Senator 
from the Twenty-second District, is one of the notable men in 
that body. As chairman of the Finance Committee of the 
Senate he has been charged with the weightiest responsibilities, 
and has met and discharged them in a manner that has demon- 
strated the wisdom of his selection for the place. Every item 
connected with the finances of the State receives his most care- 
ful scrutiny, and he is earnest and laborious in all the details 
of his duties as a committeeman and Senator. His record will 
compare favorably with that of any man who has ever held 
this position in the Georgia Legislature. 

Mr. Powell was born in Monroe countj^, on a farm in tlie 
countr3\ He enjoyed liberal "old field" educational advan- 
tages, which, having a thirst for knowledge and a naturally 
studious mind, he improved to the utmost. Left by the death 
of his father charged with the care of his younger brothers 
and sisters, just as he was at the threshold of manhood, he de- 
voted himself to them with jealous care until they were edu- 
cated and able to take care of themselves. He employed him- 
self in teacliing and mercantile pursuits. Just after his mar- 
riage to the beautiful and accomplished Miss Mitchell, of 
Griffin, the war cloud gathered over the land, and, leaving his 
business interests and his young wife, Mr. Poa^t^xl went to the 
front, at his country's call. He served with the artillery 
brancli of the service in the Army of the Cumberland. At the 
battle of Chicamauga he was severely injured by his horse fall- 


ing on him, but, refusing to go to the rear, was assisted to his 
saddle, and led the charge into the thickest of that bloody bat- 
tle. At the battle of Resaca h*e was so severely injured as to 
necessitate his retirement fi'om the field. As soon as he could 
walk without crutches he again reported for duty, was assigned 
to a Virginia battalion, and served until the close of the war. 

Returning home broken down in health, and fortune gone, 
the indomitable spirit of the man would not down. Wasting 
no time in idle repining he set about the work of recuperation. 
Such a man could but succeed, and he has prospered as such 
men always do. To-day he is comfortable so far as this world's 
goods goes, is President of the Barnesville Savings Bank, and a 
recognized authority upon financial affairs throughout the 

Though always warmly interested in political affairs, Mr. 
Powell has never sought preferment for himself. His fellow- 
citizens twice made him Mayor of Barnesville, and he is Presi- 
dent of the Board of Trustees of Gordon Institute, President of 
the County Board of Education, and has held many other posi- 
tions of trust in church and State. He is the present Treasurer 
of the Georgia State Agricultural Society. He is a prominent 
Mason, has been Grand Director of the Knights of Honor of the 
State, and represented the State in the Supreme Lodge of the 
United States. He is a member also of the Royal Arcanum 
and at present Grand Vice Regent of that order. In every 
business, society or order with which he has been connected, he 
has, seemingly without effort and as if by right, gone squarely 
to the front. 

Personally Mr. Powell is a gentleman of winning address, 
easy mann-ers, modest and i-etii-ing, but always courteous and 
pleasant. In all the relations of life he has been successful and 
proven himself a fair type of the cultured and genial Southei-n 








If the writer were asked to paint out the most potent and 
energetic friend of public education in tlie present House of 
Representatives he would instinctively turn to the subject of 
this sketch. He is, in many respects, a remarkable man, and, 
while making no claims to statesmanship, being modest and 
unobtrusive, he is yet one of the most valuable members of the 
General Assembly. 

Mr. Calvin is the son of James B. and Elizabeth Calvin, 
and was born in Augusta. Georgia, September 23, 1842. He 
had early and liberal educational advantages in the free schools 
of that city, under Mr. Thomas Snowden, the classical school 
of William Ernenputch, and was finally prepared for college 
by Rev. James T. Lin. Entering the Junior Class of Emory 
College, he had but just risen Senior when the civil war broke 
out, and he cast aside his books to take up arms in defence of 
his country. He entered the Confederate service in 1861, and 
served throughout the war in the Western army. He was dan- 
gerously wounded in the left thigh at the battle of Fi-anklin, 
Tennessee, in November, 18(31, and was captured at Columbia, 
Tennessee, after the fall of Nashville. 

Returning home after the war, Mr. Calvin entered journal- 
istic pursuits and was successively editor of the Augusta Gazette, 
associate news editor of the Constitutionalist and news editor of 
the Augusta Chronicle. In 18G7 he was elected Principal of the 
Augusta Free School, then of the Haughton Institute, and held 
the like position of the Peabody Institute. During all this time 


he had battled unremittingly for city and county public schools, 
and when the same were established he was chosen Superin- 

In 1873 the present admirable system of public schools was 
inaugurated in Richmond county, and Mr. Calvin was elected 
a member of the Board for a term of three years. There were 
many applicants for Superintendent, and unable to agree after 
many ballots among them, Mr. Cvlvin was chosen for three 
years. He accepted conditionally, organized the system, and 
at the end of three months resigned, thus giving up a hand- 
some salary to return to his place on the Board, where he 
received practically no compensation. 

In 1871 Mr. Calvin took charge of J. B. Lippincott Co.'s 
introduction work in the South, and has managed their l)usi- 
ness continuously since that time. It is a most important posi- 
tion, requiring judgment and executive ability, and his long 
continuance in the position shows his value and the esteem in 
which he is held. He has large discretion, being without 
limit or instructions in the management of the great business 
entrusted to his care. 

While still on his crutches, at the close of the war, Mr. 
Calvin addressed the St. James Sunday School of Augusta 
upon the subject of raising a monument to those who had gone 
out from the school and died in defence of their country. The 
movement he inaugurated resulted in the handsome cenotaph 
which now adorns Green street in front of St. James Church. 
This was in October, 1865, and it is a query whether Mr. 
Calvin was not the first man in the South to lift his voice to 
inaugurate memorials of her dead heroes. 

In 1882 Mr. Calvin was elected as one of the Representatives 
from Richmond county, was re-elected in 1884, and again in 
1886, and is one of only five members in the present House 
serving their third consecutive term. Upon his entry into the 
House he was appointed Chairman of the Committee on Educa- 
tion, and has lield that position ever since, rendering valuable 


service to the cause of education and tlie fi;oueral welfare of the 
State in manj^ directions. He is an active nienil)er of the Com- 
mittees on Agriculture, Military Affairs and Internal Improve- 

In the House of lS84-'85 Mr. Calvin introduced a resolution, 
suggesting to the Clerk the propriety of employing ladies as 
clerks in the department of enrolled and engrosssed bills. Mr. 
Calvtx supported the resolution in an earnest speech and it 
was adopted and put into execution with the most satisfa(;tory 

This movement had, in the State at large, the effect Mr. 
Calvin purposed it should have, namely, of directing public 
attention to the necessity and desirability of opening to women 
new avenues to honorable living. 

The same session Mr. Calvin induced the House to order 
printed dail}^ an abstract of the Journal, which enabled mem- 
bers, present or absent, quickly to inform tliemselves as to the 
condition of the work before them. 

Personally Mr. Calvin is a gentleman of winning address, 
with a pleasant, intellectual face, and is social and popular. 
He has been a consistent member of the Methodist Church 
since he was fourteen j^ears of age. The trend of his mind is in 
the direction of literature, and linds vent in numerous commu- 
nications to the press. He is active, practical and vigilant as a 
Representative and keenly alive to the interests of his city and 
section, as well as the State at large. 




Hon. Joel C. Fain was born in Floyd county, Georgia, March 
21st, 1839. Judge Fain is descended from an illustrious ances- 
try. On his father's side he is descended from the French 
Huguenots, who settled first in Ireland, after leaving their 
native country, and subsequently removed to the United States, 
making their home in Maryland. All the Fains on this conti- 
nent have come from this source. Judge Fain's mother was a 
Lumpkin, a name famous in Georgia history since the earliest 
days of the commonwealth. 

In his earlier years Judge Fain received excellent educa- 
tional advantages. Laying the foundation of his education in 
the common schools of Cherokee, Georgia, he subsequently 
graduated at Emorj^ and Henry College, Virginia, read law and. 
was admitted to the bar in 1801. 

He had but received his commission as an attorney when he 
laid down briefs and books and entered the Confederate army. 
He volunteered as a private in the Second South Carolina regi- 
ment, which went immediatel}^ to Virginia and was engaged in 
the first battle of Manassas, where he received two severe 
wounds. Upon his recovery and return to the field he was 
elected Captain and transferred to service on the coast of Geor- 
gia. In the spring of 1862 he was made a captain in the Sixth 


Georgia regiment, transferred to the AVestern army, and served 
in all the arduous campaigns of that army, was promoted to 
Lieutenant Colonel, wounded at the battle of Chicamauga, 
again on the retreat from Dalton to Atlanta, from the effects of 
which several wounds he was discharged from active service 
December, 1864. 

Returning to his home in Gordon county after the war Col. 
Fain began the practice of his profession. In this he was emi- 
nently successful. In 1866 he was elected Solicitor of the 
County Court and held the office until it was abolished under 
the constitution of 1868. In the same year he was elected a 
State Senator, and in 1870 a member of the House of Represen- 
tatives from Gordon county. Without opposition he was elected 
to the Constitutional Convention of 1877. 

Under the new constitution adopted in 1877 Col. Fain was 
again elected to the State Senate and served in the session of 
1878-79 in that body. He was a member of the Judiciary 
Committee of the Senate along with Hon. Henry D. McDaniel, 
and other distinguished Georgians, and was on other important 
general and special Committees, where he did valuable work 
for the State. 

In 1880 Col, Fain was elected by the General Assembly 
Judge of the Cherokee Circuit. At the end of his four years 
term he was re-elected in 1884 for another full term. On the 
bench he has made a record as an upright, fearless and impar- 
tial Judge, and his administration has been popular with bar 
and people. 

Personally Judge Fain is social and genial in manner, with 
rare conversational powers, a fund of anecdote, keen apprecia- 
tion of humor, and the bright side of life, and a universal favor- 
ite among his friends. He has been twice married. His first 
wife was Miss Jennie S. Black, of South Carolina, to whom he 
was married in 1864. Two girls and live sons were the issue of 
this union. Three sons, the two oldest and the youngest, are 
dead. Their mother passed away July, 1885. In September, 


1886, Judge Fain was married a second time to Miss Nannie J. 
Groves, of Owensboro, Kentucky. 

At Calhoun, Gordon county, Judge Fain lias a happy home, 
where he devotes such time as his judicial duties allow to agri- 
culture, to which he is greatly attached, and the enjoyments of 
the comforts by which his industry have surrounded him. 








No man in the present General Assemblj^ of Georgia has 
achieved more prominence as a legislator than the subject of 
this sketch, Not only because of the prominent position he 
has occupied, or because of the industry and ability with which 
he has met the onerous requirements of the place, but the earn- 
estness and fidelity with which he has discliarged the duties 
devolved upon him as the chairman of the Finance Committee. 
The chairmanship of this committee is no rose strewn path of 
dalliance. On the one hand he is confronted with the financial 
needs and absolute necessities of the machinery of government. 
On the other he is met, must encounter and answer, the 
retrenchment and reform element seeking to reduce expenses 
to the lowest possible minimum. To provide for the one, and 
yet lay no unnecessary burdens upon the other, to harmonize 
conflicting views, and present revenue legislation acceptable to 
the masses, and yet sufficient to maintain the credit of the 
State and pay ordinary and extraordinary expenses, requires 
financial acumen, legislative^ finesse, and complete knowledge 
of the State's resources and abilities possessed by few men in 
the commonwealth. To say that Capt. Gordon has discharged 
the duties of this trying position in an able, conscientious, and 
successful manner, is to pay him the highest compliment. 

William W. Gordon was born in Savannah, Georgia, Octo- 
ber 14, 1834. His grandfather, Ambrosp: Gordon, was a Captain 
ill Col. William Washington's regiment of diagoons in the Rev- 
olutionary war. His father, W. AV. Gordon, was one of the 


original projectors of the Central Railroad, the first built in 
Georgia, and its first president. In the center of one of the 
beautiful squares in the city of Savannah rises a marble ceno- 
taph commemorative of the life and character of this one of 
Georgia's most prominent and public spirited citizens. How 
little did he think that the enterprise of which he was one of 
the leading spirits was but the forerunner of a system that 
should spread and grow and multiply, and at last see its per- 
fect work, only when almost every hamlet in the State he loved 
should hear the snort of the iron horse and feel the earth trem- 
ble beneath his mighty tread. 

W. W. Gordon, the elder, died in 1834. Notwithstanding 
all he had done for Georgia, and his prominent position, his 
family were left in straitened circumstances, and this resulted 
in their removal to New Jersey. There and in New York 
State the subject of our sketch laid the foundation of his edu- 
cation, entered Yale College in 1850, and graduated in 1854. 
Soon thereafter he returned to Savannah, and entered business 
as a clerk for Tison & Mackay, prominent cotton merchants of 
that city. Upon Mr. Mackay 's retirement in 1856, the firm 
became Tison & Gordon. 

In 1861 Mr. Gordon entered the Confederate army as sergeant 
of a cavalry company raised in Savannah, and attached to the 
Sixth Virginia Cavalry, afterwards becoming a part of the cele- 
brated Jeff Davis Legion. He was elected second Lieutenant, 
subsequently promoted to a captaincy, and appointed Adjutant 
and Inspector on the staff' of Gen. Mercer commanding troops 
on the Georgia coast. Mercer's Brigade joining the Confed- 
erate army at Dalton, in 1864, Capt. Gordon served with Ids 
command throughout the Alanta campaign and Sherman's 
march to the sea, was then transferred to Anderson's Cavalry 
Brigade, and surrendered with it at Hillsboro, North Carolina, 
April, 1865. 

In the following August the firm of Tison & Gordon re-com- 
menced tlieir business suspended during the war. The house 


grew and prospered for eleven years. In 1876 Mr. Tison died, 
and ('apt. (Ioedon taking in otlier partners has continued under 
tlie firm name of W. A¥. Gordon & Co. to the present time. 

In 1876, during the famous yellow fever epidemic, Capt. Gor- 
don was a member of the Benevolent Association, an organiza- 
tion of citizens who made it their business to systematically 
care for the sick and destitute. Standing at his post . when 
thousands were flying the city, and hundreds were dying all 
around him. he exhibited a moral hei'oism beyond even that 
shown in battle. That he escaped the dread scourge and came 
out unscathed is little short of a miracle. 

In 1884 Mr. Gordon was elected as one of the Representa- 
tives from Chatham county in the General Assembly. This old 
and cultivated community has never sent a more able and val- 
uable member to the House. In 1886 he was re-elected. His 
service in the House is matter of public history. Of his work 
on the Finance Committee we have already spoken, and it has 
been no less valuable and conscientiouslj^ performed in all the 
scope of his legislative duties. 

Capt. Gordon was married in 1857 to Miss Nellie Kinzie, of 
Chicago. Six children are the issue of the marriage. On one 
of the most charming streets in the beautiful City by the Sea, 
Savannah, he has a palatial home, in which he dispenses a hos- 
pitality, as elegant as it is sweet, surrounded by every comfort 
wealth can procure and a cultivated taste suggest. 




Of the younger men in the Senate of Georgia who have made 
a most auspicious opening of a public career which promises to 
be long and useful is the subject of this sketch. Never having 
before occupied official position, the high stand he has taken 
among his colleagues, and the important work he has done, are 
a high tribute to the ability of the man, and give promise of a 
brilliant career in the future. 

Linton A. Dean, of Rome, was born in Chattooga county, 
Georgia, January 24, 1855. He is the son of Henry Dean, and 
his mother was before marriage Miss T. Jane Adams, of Hall 
county, a daughter of Elijah C. Adams, a prominent citizen of 
that count3^ Young Dean received a primary education in 
the common schools of Floyd county, after which he entered 
Mercer University, took the full course, and graduated in 1875. 
In his university course he took high rank, was a member of 
the S. A. E. Society, and was elected Anniversarian of the Phi 
Delta Society to which he also belonged. 

Leaving college he chose the law as his profession and to 
fully equip himself took a course at the Columbia University, 
Washington, D. C. from which institution he graduated in 
June, 1876, and in the following October entered the practice of 
law at Rome, Georgia. He formed a copartnership with J. W. 
EvviNG, and the firm of Dean & Ewing has built up a lucrative 
and constantly increasing practice in the Hill City. 

His present seat in the Senate was won over stout opposition 
by a prominent and popidar gentleman. In that body Ivc is 



the chairman of tlie Special Judiciary Committee, and is a 
member of other important committees, including Banks, 
Finance, and Railroads. He has made an enviable record on 
all of these, and likewise on the floor of the Senate, as a clear 
tliinker, strong debater, and careful, conservative, and con- 
scientious legislator. 

At the earl}^ age of twenty-three Mr. Dean was united in 
marriage to Miss Agnes Gr. Smith, a charming young lady, 
daughter of a prominent citizen of Rome, and four children 
brighten the home in whicli he finds rest, peace, and comfort 
from the toils and struggles of a busy life. 




Among the younger members of the upper House of the 
General Assembly who leave their irftpress upon all the legisla- 
tion of that honorable body is the subject of the present sketch. 
Though modest and unassuming, and not disposed to push 
himself into undue prominence, he is yet so earnest and sincere 
in his convictions upon all public questions which challenge his 
attention, that he is prone to labor in season and out of season 
for that line of policy that commends itself to his judgment. 
He makes up his mind only after mature deliberation, and 
from positions once taken it is exceedingly difficult to move 

Senator James is descended from the ]N"orth Carolina family 
of that name, his father, Stephen James, having emigrated to 
Georgia from the old North State, and married Miss Shippey, 
who is still living, and has borne her husband thirteen children, 
of whom the subject of the present sketch is the sixth. 

In the common schools of Campbell, now Douglass county. 
Senator James received a common school education, and, read- 
ing law, was admitted to the bar in 1875. Agriculture, 
merchandise and law have all claimed liis attention, and he 
has found time, as well, amid these multifarious pursuits, to 
take a warm interest in local and State politics, and has been 
honored by his people with many offices of public trust. As 
Justice of the Peace, Mayor of his town, Representative in the 
lower House, and in the Senate he has always given such uni- 
versal satisfaction that his popularity has been augmented in 


each successive station to which the suffrages of au intelligent 
and appreciative constitutency have called him. 

In the Senate INIi-. James occupies a leading place on the Gen- 
eral Judiciary Committee, also on Plnance, Railroads, etc., and 
is chairman of the Penitentiary Committee. He has given 
much earnest and faitliful work to investigation of the prison 
system. He is a fluent, cogent and graceful speaker, read^^ in 
debate, courteous and considerate alwaj^s, and popular in the 
Senate, as he is at home on his native heath. 

In October, 18()9, Senator James was married to Miss Anna 
Maxwell, of Douglass county, a most charming and estimable 
lady, and three bright girls make sunshine and music in the 
house where, by reason of liis strong domestic tastes, the Sena- 
tor finds his highest enjoyment. 





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Marbleized Iron and Slate Mantles. Grates, Hardwood 

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Plans and Specifications Furnislied on Application 



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The Eagle is a largo, thirty-two column paper, printed 
entirely at home, and every line of its matter being thus 
carefully selected by the editors they can promise a clean, 
wholesome family paper. 

The Eagle is Democratic in politics, an earnest advocate 
of tariff reform as opposed to protected monopolies, and 
the exponent of the rights of the people on all public 


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I ]\leW X Holland x ^pi'ing^ 


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-AT THE m 



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Richmond and Danville Railroad from Atlanta and the 9 

South and Southwest ; Georgia Railroad and Gainesville, » 

Jefferson & Southern Railroad from Augusta and points g^ 

South ; Northeastern and R. & D. R. R. from the North r 

and East. j 


Lawn Tennis, Archery, Croquet, Swings, Base Ball, Bil- C 
liards, Skating, Ten Pins and Dancing. p 


A First-Class Stable will be maintained on the grounds. C 


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season. i 


Three Springs — Calcic, Alkaline and Sulphur. | 


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month, $30.00 to $40.00, according to loca- 

tion of room and space occupied. r 

Resident Physician -Dr. J. W. BAILEY. S» 

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A. W. VanHoose, President, 
Ancient Languages and Natural Science. 

Judge J. B. ESTES, 
Commercial Law. 

Dr. J. W. Bailey, 

Miss Lucy E. Rucker, 

Miss S. B. WOOTEN, 
French and History. 

Miss S. L. VanHoose, 
Preparatory Department. 

Miss M. F. VanHoose, 
Directress Music Department. 

Mrs. Sallie R. Chancellor, 
Drawing and Painting. 

Mrs. E. A. Grace, 

A school thorough and economical. A full set of tele- 
graphic instruments. New and commodious buildings, 
heated by furnace. Everything possible done for health 
and convenience of our pupils. A large grove of native 
forest oaks. Beautiful grounds. 

Tuition, - - $3.00 to $5.00 per month. 

Music, ----- $3.00 to $4.50 

Art, ----- $2.50 to $5.00 

Parties having daughters or wards to educate would do 

well to correspond with the undersigned. 

As a health resort, Gainesville is unsurpassed. 


President Faculty.